Hades og Persefone

Hades og Persefone
Hades and Persephone

Η Περσεφόνη ήταν κόρη της θεάς Δήμητρας. Zevs var far til (mytologi) og syzigos av Hades. Med ham fødte hun etter Zagrea, den Eyboylea og Sabazio. Hades fikk underverden for hennes skjønnhet. Η Θεά Δήμητρα όμως τη ζήτησε πίσω. Ο Άδης συμφώνησε να ανεβαίνει η Περσεφόνη έξι μήνες στον πάνω κόσμο και να κατεβαίνει τους επόμενους έξι στον κάτω. Έτσι τους μήνες που η Περσεφόνη είναι στον πάνω κόσμο η Θεά Δήμητρα χαιρόταν και υπήρχε καλοκαιρία, ενώ τους άλλους κακοκαιρία. Ο μύθος της αρπαγής πρωτοεμφανίζεται στην ΄Θεογονία΄ του Ησιόδου.

Ο Ομηρικός Ύμνος στη Δήμητρα είναι η σημαντικότερη πηγή μας: περιγράφει πως συνέβη η αρπαγή στο Νύσιον πεδίον, όταν η Κόρη μάζευε άνθη σε ένα λιβάδι με συντροφιά ΄΄παρθένων΄΄, των Ωκεανιδών νυμφών , της Αθηνάς και της Άρτεμης. Και ενώ μάζευε ένα νάρκισσο, άνοιξε η γη, ξεπήδησε ο Άδης με το άρμα του και την άρπαξε. Οι κραυγές για βοήθεια δεν ακούστηκαν από κανένα, εκτός από την Εκάτη και τον Ήλιο. Ο Δίας ήταν μακριά.

Hades fell in love with Persephone and decided to kidnap her. The myth says that in one of the rare times he left the Underworld, he traveled above ground to pursue her, while she was gathering flowers in a field.

One day Hades, God of the Underworld, saw Persephone and instantly fell in love with her.

Ades (Hades) confided his secret in his brother Zeus, asking for help, so the two of them concocted a plan to trap her. As the girl (Persephone) played with her companions, they caused the ground to split underneath her.

Persephone slipped beneath the Earth and Hades stole her to the Underworld where he made her his wife.

The myth says that Persephone was very unhappy, but after much time, she came to love the cold-blooded Hades and lived happily with him.
Persephone in the Underworld

Persephone’s mother, Demeter, begged her brother Hades to allow Persephone to come back to the livings, denoting that the young Persephone was not supposed to live in the underworld. Hades consulted with Zeus and they both decided to allow Persephone to live on earth for six months each year, while the rest of the time she would be on his side in the Underworld.

Before leaving the underworld, Persephone had been persuaded to eat four seeds of a pomegranate. In ancient mythology, to eat the fruit of one’s captor meant that one would have to return to that captor or country, so Persephone was doomed to return to the underworld for four months of the year. But she was allowed to spend the remaining two-thirds of the year with her Earth Mother, Demeter.

The myth of Hades and Persephone is associated with the coming of Spring and Winter: When Persephone comes to the Earth, it’s springtime. When she descends to Hades, it is winter.


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