By special scientific study archaioastronomias Special scientists read the following:
With the term Orientation a monument set the absolute position and address space, that is the process that is possible with a monument be placed in space at a specific address (azimuth) as to a reference base address. The science which deals with the interpretation of the orientation of monuments is the No.- chaioastronomia, that is considered the meeting point of astronomy with archaeology. The research about the astronomical orientation of monuments, from different cultures, fundamental- meliwthike by Heinrich Nissen (1906) and Sir Norman Lockyer (1894). For the majority of monuments-temples that have explored has proved that their orientation address No is random. Contrast is specific and usually syndee- Tai with the date of celebration of the monument (Deity or Holy) that is dedicated. Currently ing found that particularly important is the role of proper lighting achieved at specific point of the monument – the temple that day (Potamianos, 2000). Studies that have preceded the 19th and 20th centuries and relate to the investigation of the pre- sanatolismoy, prehistoric monuments, monuments of classical antiquity, or Byzantine memorandum- minus, made with simple topometrikes methods, simply using measuring instruments such as surveying compass, the Javelin and the hand held clinometer for determining the horizon of the monument, where this, in a few cases, judged necessary. The main axis of the monument or other specific addresses are not specified geometric – analytically, but empirical
and any errors the above instruments and methods include.
Modern geodetic methodology applied to study the orientation of monuments has major differences compared with the earlier applied and includes a series of geometric mainly processes, implemented using modern geodetic instruments and methods of measurement and processing.
So with rough study suggests that the orientation of the funerary monument is such that the Sun to penetrate deeply inside the monument during the winter solstice at 21 December. Then you are at the lowest height of the Sun in order to “invade” the tunnel of the tomb and indeed with great brightness after the perfect orientation is achieved time 12:45 το μεσημέρι.
Another reading compels us to conclude that the tomb is oriented who “see” ever the archaeological site of Amphipolis, There are the remains of a Paleochristian basilicas type four. There's the archaeological site, There is the unique global phenomenon to have built four major early Christian churches so close that really created jam-packed.
Apparently, here as in many cases, There was a huge ancient temple, symbol of the city and over to him, with materials that were built the Christian churches. There were oriented the Tomb.
The tumulus Kasta as seen from space with the archeological site of the Hill of Amphipolis.
Detail of palaichristianikwn temples.
Also striking is that the same team of scientists identified with great accuracy and the year building of temples that studied!!!!
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TO OUR KNOWLEDGE OF ANTIQUITY
The contribution of a modern geodetic methodology in the investigation of
the astronomical orientation of monuments and in their dating
GEORGE PANTAZIS,Assistant Professor, School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, Laboratory of General Geodesy, National Technical University of Athens. Hellas
EVANGELIA LAMBROU, Assistant Professor, School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, Laboratory of General Geodesy, National Technical University of Athens. Hellas