Even today they divide the scientific community – What is the myth about «mysterious» Easter Island, the Stooynzetz,the great Sphinx of Giza
Worldwide there are monuments from different cultures that lived on our planet. Some of them are dedicated to Kings, other gods, other people, While there are churches that are built to commemorate some ”Holy” animals. But there are also some monuments even divide the scientific community today for the reasons why created. See the top ten most famous world archaeological monuments covered with ”veil” mystery and continue to Perplex scientists, but tifantasia to fascinate and others.
Not far from the famous Inca city Machu Picchu, is the Sacsayhuaman, a strange mound of huge stone rocks. The impressive walls, near the old capital Cuzco, It's so well built that neither the blade of a small knife to fit to pass through associations. Around the monument have been discovered several underground catacombs called chincanas, used as connecting passages in other buildings of the Incas in the region.
Like most works of the Incas built with large stones that fit together with stunning precision. How the Incas were able to construct or even more how they moved huge rocks in the region remains till today a great mystery. Perhaps eventually the Incas were right when they said the Spanish conquistadors that they were the ones who built the Sacsayhuaman, but "the Giants".
The mysterious ' Easter Island '
The Easter Island is located in the South Pacific, between Chile and Tahiti and its existence is the result of a series of volcanic eruptions. The first settlers found a rich in vegetation island, filled with giant Palm trees, they used to build boats and homes. One thing tie them all together, the construction of statues and worship that formed around them.
It is unclear why the inhabitants of Easter Island statues produced to such a great extent. What is one of the great mysteries why they made this kind of statues. Even the way it is turned, (all in one direction toward) is a mystery. When you see individually or in series, you give the impression that something waiting for you from the sky or the sea.
Stonehenge is considered one of the largest and most spectacular megalithic monuments in the world. The reasons why build is unknown, Although there are many cases. Situated on the plain Salisbury three kilometers from the town of Wiltshire in South West England.
The construction was divided into three parts and it took a total of 25 generations to complete. From all the famous monuments of the world, None has gained so much notoriety for the mystery that surrounds. Stonehenge was the inspiration endless discussions among scholars, scientists and historians of the middle ages. There are many fabulous stories that try to explain the existence of.
The most widespread myth is that of King Arthur. According to him the King of Britons Aurelius Ambrose wanted to build a monument in honor 300 about English nobility who were massacred in the 5th century by the traitor leader of Saxonwn Chengkest. Ambrose King, father of Arthur, enlisted the help of the magician Merlin for that can be found such a monument. The magician told him to look at an Irish mountain where placed a circle of concrete stones, My Giant ring. They believed that these stones had healing properties and they were named so because their transfer from Africa where were, had become by Giants long ago. King Aurelius and his army tried to dismantle these stones unsuccessfully. The Merlin helped once again using his own collection of machines and tricks to make the transfer of the monument.
The great Sphinx of Giza
The great Sphinx of Giza is a statue which depicts a sphinx (Mythological creature with a lion's body and a human head) in sitting posture. The statue is located on the plateau of Giza in Egypt and in the famous necropolis. With a length of 73,5 measures, width 6 m. and height 20.22 measures, is the largest monolithic statue in the world. It is also the oldest known monument type statue, and considered that it was built by the ancient Egyptians of the old Kingdom, during the reign of Pharaoh Khafre (2558 – 2532 e.g.).
Despite his reputation as one of the most famous monuments of antiquity, a few things have become as known today for the great Sphinx of Giza. The first Egyptologists and excavators of the Giza complex believed that both the Sphinx and the remaining buildings in the region, was previously assumed chronology of their construction and the founder of the Archaeological Museum of Cairo, August Mariet, the 1857 brought to light an inventory of goods column. Among the remaining, States that the Pharaoh Cheopas accidentally found the statue which was already misothameno in the sand. The theory of the existence of the Sphinx before the Pharaoh Chefrino can has few modern followers, But if true it would mean that the great Sphinx of Giza is even more mysterious than previously believed.
Steered u.s. Georgia Guidestones
The Georgia guidestones» (in English Georgia Guidestones) It is a huge granite fabrication, located at the top of the Hill Elbert County, in Georgia, USA. Often referred to as the "American Stonehenge", It is actually a message comprising ten instructions, which are engraved in eight modern languages, While a shorter message is inscribed at the top of the construction, in four ancient writing systems: Babylonian, Ancient Greek, Sanskrit and Egyptian hieroglyphics.
The artifact is almost six meters height (Twenty feet) and is made from six granite slabs, weighing over 100 tons total. One plate is in the Center, with the other four arranged around this. At the top is the sixth plate, as crested tidy. Noteworthy is that the plates are aligned astronomically. An additional stone tablet, It is located on the ground and a short distance to the West of construction, that provides some clarification about the history and purpose of ' Boulder ' Guidelines.
One of the most mysterious monuments in Germany is the Goseck Circle, a monument made of soil, gravel, and wooden Palisades is regarded as an example of "primitive Solar Observatory." the course consists of a series of circular grooves and a raised mound in the Center. The enclosures have three openings or gateways, to the Southeast, Southwest and North. It is believed that the monument was built around 4900 e.g.. by Neolithic peoples, and that the three openings correspond to the direction in which the sun rises for the winter solstice.
The mystirioProsektiki construction of the monument has led many scientists to believe that the Goseck Circle was built to serve as a kind of primitive solar or lunar calendar, but the exact use still until today a source of debate. The facts have shown that the so-called "solar worship was prevalent in ancient Europe. This has led to the view that the cycle was used in rituals, maybe even human sacrifices. This case has not yet been proven, but archaeologists have uncovered many human bones, as a headless human skeleton, just outside the palisade.
The Nazca lines
The Nazca lines are a series of ancient gewglyfikwn in the Nazca desert of Peru. Covering an area of more than 500 square meters, between the towns of Nazca and Palpa of and are a UNESCO World Heritage site. Although some of the gewglyfika resemble Paracas tribe's plans features, scientists believe that the Nazca lines created by Nazca race around in Mr x 200p. – 700Mr x. The hundreds of separate shapes formed by lines, vary from the most simple geometric shapes, until drawings Lama, spiders, sharks, lemurs, etc..
The lines were created by digging the reddish surface of the desert, until you look the aspridero layer of sand beneath. There are hundreds of simple lines or geometric shapes, and more than 70 animal designs, birds, fish and people. The biggest stunts have length greater than 200 measures. The importance of lines is a controversial issue until now for scientists. One hypothesis is that the Nazca people created to see from above the gods.
Kosok and Reiche the suggested a likely purpose related to astronomy and Cosmology: the lines were aimed to diatelesoyn as a kind of Observatory, that suggests to the distant point of the horizon where the Sun erupt or dyoyn and other celestial bodies during the solstices. Many prehistoric primitive cultures in America and elsewhere produced works with the Earth combining the astronomical observation by their religious Cosmology, as was done with the culture of the Mississippi in Kachokia of current United States but also in England's Stonehenge. The Gerald Hawkins and Anthony Aveni, fluent in Archaeoastronomy, they reached the 1990 concluded that the available evidence in support of such an astronomical explanation is insufficient.
The Reiche argued that some or all of the figures depicted constellations. As the 1998, the Phyllis B. Pitluga, a protection of Reiche and superior astronomer of the Planetarium Adler (Adler Planetarium) in Chicago, concluded that the figures were animals ' representations of celestial forms». But that was not argued shapes constellations but instead-the constellations as we called these dark patches irregularly shaped sparkling edge of the Galaxy. "the work criticized Aveni about the inability to explain the details in their entirety.
The 1985 the Kihachiro Aratake, a diver who organised trips to the bottom of Japan was looking to find a new place to observe the sfyrokefaloys sharks. Did well to dive in the southeastern part of the small island of Yonaguni(Yonaguni) at the point called Arakawa and waited to see normal, Marine corals, large quantities of plankton and any entrance in underwater cave, things that exist in the bottom of the sea. But what was down there I hadn't seen for thousands of years!
In incredibly clean waters in the area and saw the eye as, There was a megalithic formation that seemed to be made by humans, with fairly large fabricated stairs and all this formation developed by large and vertical walls. Additional research done in the area proved that there were large symmetrical channels with angles and depth 2 measures. This megalithic monument extends over a distance greater than 100 measures. New for this great discovery spread slowly and outside Japan. It took about 10 years to begin to display the information in various media which were primarily anthropological journals. These articles was creative and unique, but some deficiencies had. The first serious scientific studies began in 1996 by Professor Masaaki Kimura, that was a geologist at the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa. He and his team recorded the original structure of the formations. Up to now, several other ruins have been found submerged in the area but the divers are prohibited from the visit because their recording by scientists not yet finished.
Professor Kimura provides a balance between these ruins that is evidence for a prehistoric civilization and the negative vote of some that simply argue that it is only for some hewn rocks that probably created by some natural phenomena. The Professor believes (and can support his beliefs with scientific evidence) This megalithic formations that have been modified by humans. At the end of this ancient monument there is a large rock with shaped like oval that sits on top of an angular basis. The peak of this cliff shows North. There are a number of those who believe that this construction was used to indicate the time of day! Something like a sundial!
Professor Kimura thinks that whoever is responsible for the formulation of this construction (because of the scientific findings and studies it seems that there once was a solid rock and the whole shape skalistike on), probably long before they start to use tools made of metal, introduced wooden wedges wrapped by some form of fabric or herbal product in the holes of the rock. After they used water so that the wood to swell and the rock was cut off. In some parts of this formation, completely straight lines have been etched at the top of the cliff with narrow triangular holes in space 1 each foot that may have introduced wedges.
Considered to be the oldest and the most famous prehistoric site throughout Ireland. The Newgrange is a tomb built by soil, wood, clay, stone around 3.100 e.g., about 1.000 years before the construction of the pyramids in Egypt.
It consists of a long passage that leads to a cruciform Chamber that apparently was used as a tomb, as they contain stone basins filled with cremated remains. The unique feature of Newgrange is careful and durable design, that has helped the structure to remain completely weatherproof internally. The most surprising though is the way in which he has placed the entrance to the Tomb. Even the winter solstice, the rays of the Sun are indoors and illuminate the floor of the central room of the monument. Archaeologists know that Newgrange was used as a tomb, but the arduous planning needed to ensure the continuous lighting of the Interior of the, create questions that remained unanswered until today.
Cahokia is called an ancient settlement outside of Collinsville, of Illinois. Archaeologists estimate that the city was founded in 650 a.d., and had a complex network of landfills but also sophisticated House architecture. It has been estimated that at its peak, the city had more than 40.000 residents, number that makes it the most densely populated community in America before the arrival of Europeans.
The most notable feature of Cahokia was the 80 mounds, some with a height exceeding the 30 measures, and they were scattered in the area of 2.200 acres. These helped to create a network of squares across the city, and it is believed that important buildings, as the home of the Chief of the village, built on them. Although scientists are constantly discovering new facts about the community of Cohokia, the greatest mystery that persists is whether are ancestors of the breed ' s very extensive Indian and what exactly was it that forced them to flee their homes.