| The "dollar" of Alexander the great

The coins found in the funerary monument of Amphipolis – coins with the head of Alexander the great, coins of the 2nd century BC. but also of the 3rd century a.d.- "illuminate" the other side of the multinational Empire of.

«Cut» Alexander lived as currency by the head of;
Because the currency was "hard currency" and "guaranteed title" on international markets;
What was the "revolution" to trade that brought in Central Asia;
What did the successors of;
We appealed to George Kakavas, Director of Epigrafikoy and Monetary Museum, former Director of the National Archaeological Museum.
"When the 333 e.g.. Alexander the great defeated at Issus, adopted the Athenian "monetary policy and the currencies, the famous Alexandria tetradrachms, dominate with their order in international markets. Even after the death of Commander, for two centuries, several Greek cities continue to mint coins in his name ".

The Alexandros in coins

"Alexander Iii or Grand is not depicted as never lived at cuts of currencies," explains Mr. Kakavas. "Many times identified or confused the depiction of the head of Hercules ageneioy bearing a lion's head on the front of the Drachma of debased tetradrachms had been one and with the inscription ALEXANDROU VASSILEOS ALEXANDROU while lived and posthumously, with the portrait of the ruler.
The first depictions of the reply to post-mortem cutting sequences of Commander. Alexander is depicted as theopoiimenos at cutting of Lysimachou with the horns of Zeus Ammwnos, at cutting of Ptolemy the first Redeemer with the horns of Zeus and Ammwnos elephant hide as cover head and finally the first cuts of the First Seleykou, where pictured with Leopard leather helmet and bull horns. The depiction is purely propaganda/ideological character and is aimed to display these and just as legitimate followers of his work».
Gold Stater m. Alexandrou 330-320 e.g.. Amphipolis Mint

Even the Celts

"The deified Alexander's portrait is also reflected in cuts of Macedonia in the 1st century. e.g., Once the area has been transformed into a Roman province and the economy is controlled solely and entirely by the Romans. The circulation of its currency has great scope (from the Middle East and the Black Sea to Asia minor and Egypt) so alive and posthumously establishing economic relations a "multi-ethnic" Empire. The recognition of the personality of Alexander the great is so great that his answers and currency in imitation of the Celts and Thracians ".

The dollar era

I.e., It was the dollar, the "hard currency" of the era;
"Just. The tetradrachm of Alexander is the international currency of the Hellenistic world. As in the present age, so and on the economies of the past there were strong – «international» currencies, like the dollar or euro nowadays. The creditworthy these currencies had a circulation of supra-local scope and become more widely accepted because of the constant internal value and the purity of their metal.
The factors that make a strong currency or "international" was the geopolitical area, the commercial domination and the financial soundness of the principle, that the issue (City, State, Kingdom, Empire). Also, decisive factors were the strict State control in production, cutting of IE., but the movement, the liquid metal and above all, guaranteed title and fixed weight».
Gold Stater m. Alexandrou 330-320 e.g.. Amphipolis Mint

On the scale of global economic sovereignty

"So, After the silver tetradrachm of Athens and gold dareiko of Persian Empire, the next strong-"international" currency will become the coin of Alexander, before and after his death, in the global market of the season until the middle of the 1st century. e.g..
Apart from the dominant role that it plays in the economy of the Hellenistic world, It is worth noting that is the currency that "teaches" the transaction mode to egchrimato folks who lived until then in full achrimatia (Central Asian peoples). On the scale of global economic sovereignty, the tetradrachm of Alexander's successor: the silver denarius of Rome, Gold Byzantine solidus, the silver dirhem of Arab world, the chrysoducato of the Serenissima in Venice, the Habsburg silver taliro, the 8 Reales-the silver that Spain-currency, the British Gold sovereign, the dollar and the euro».

The successors and the head of Hercules

"The head of Hercules, progenitor of the dynasty of the Temenids, that is engraved on the front of the tetradrachmwn of Alexander the great, He became so famous that was identified in the minds of downstream with the Macedonian King. The Successors, in order to achieve the consolidation of their authority and to appear as natural followers of the project and of the philosophy of Alexander, echoed the head of Hercules who was portrayed in the coins of Alexander monetary versions that are released in the countries that they have inherited.
Alexander outside in front of tetradrachms of Ptolemy First Redeemer (319-315 e.g.) marked as elefantos hide head cover, in remembrance of his campaign Commander in India, but around the neck the aegis of Zeus. The example followed in East Seleucus 1st, the main heir of Asian possessions, the dual gold dareikoys (305-301 e.g.). End, Alexander of outside in front of Lysimachou tetradrachms (early 3rd century. e.g.) with the addition of the Horn confirms the godlike status, as Pais Zeus, This he did recognize the Egyptian priesthood of ammonas Jupiter».
Silver tetradrachm m. Alexandrou 323-320 e.g.. Amphipolis Mint

Until when

"Philip Iii, half-brother of Alexander the great, continued cutting silver coins with the types of Alexander but with his own name now. During the reign of Kassandrou (316-297 e.g.), in Macedonia continued issuing debased tetradrachms had been one in Alexander's name. Also, the Demetrius Poliorkitis (306-293 e.g.), at the beginning of his reign he continued to mint coins with the types of Alexander, by varying only the inscription VASILEOS DIMITRIOU. Also, Antigonus Gonatas (277/6-239 e.g.) they cut with the types of Alexander and the inscription VASILEOS ANTIGEN. These are the latest versions of the Macedonian kings who use types of coins of Alexander the great.
In the Kingdom of Thrace, in the early coinage of King Lysimachou (360-281 e.g.) Join silver drachmas to the types and the name of Alexander, While very soon the name was replaced with that of LYSIMAChOY.
The attalid Kingdom, the Filetairos, on the 280 e.g.. they issued with the types of Alexander the great with the name ALEXANDER but also with the name SELEYKOY and in the Kingdom of Ptolemaic Dynasty, only Ptolemy I the Lagoy (367-282 e.g.) minted coins with the types of Alexander the great and the name ALEXANDROU.
Finally in the Seleucid Kingdom, Seleucus the 1st Nikatwr (358/3-281 e.g.) initially issued silver tetradrachms with types of Alexander the great and the inscription VASSILEOS SELEYKOY».
Silver tetradrachm m. Alexandrou 323-320 e.g.. Amphipolis Mint

Local mints Greek cities

"The same cities are mints of the Kingdom of the Hellenistic monarch".

Until the advent of the Romans

"The currency introduced by Alexander the great on his territory did not disappear after the death of Commander, but he continued to cut and circulating throughout the Hellenistic world until the advent of the Romans.
In ancient literary sources the coins are referred to as "alexanders". After the death of Alexander, in existing added dozens of new mints in Macedonia, on the continent, in Illyria, in Paeonia, in Central Greece, in Peloponnese, in Asia minor, in Cyprus, in Syria, in Phoenicia, in Egypt and Cyrene, in the East and in the Black Sea. The latest versions of "alexandrwn" were cut in the first quarter of the 1st century. e.g.. from the Greek cities of Odessa and the Black Sea» Midday.

The 2nd century BC. in Macedonia

"The 2nd century. e.g.. in Macedonia except cuts the last Antigonid Macedonian Kings (Antigonus Ii Gonatas, Philip and Perseus), move the stand-alone cuts with the inscription KOINON MAKEDONON, Silver tetradrachms of Athens, the so-called "new style", the tetrwbola Istiea, the so-called «pseydorodiakes» drachmas etc.»

First Roman years

"As regards to the imperial times (12nd-3rd century. a.d.) in Greece move sporadically dinars (silver coin of Rome), intended for payments of Roman soldiers but mostly domestic copper cutting, necessary for local domestic financial transactions. Especially in the cities of Greece issued coins with the portrait of the Emperor on the obverse side and deities and symbols of cities that give the cities a feeling pseydoaytonomias».

The 3rd century. a.d. in Macedonia

"The 3rd century. a.d. transactions are made as training mostly with copper cuts of cities of Macedonia, as of Thessaloniki, of Pella, of Amphipolis, of Dion, of Philippi as well as cuts to the public of the Macedonians with depictions of the head of the deified Alexander as well as episodes from his life (e.g. The Taming of the horse Bucephalus)».

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