An ' unknown ' archaeological treasure that comes from four tombs of the early Hellenistic period (end 4th b.c.. century) -the two with rich funeral gifts, the third monumental entrance and the fourth, a small sylimenos- in the old military airport of SEDES in Thessaloniki, He had revealed the 1938 from the great archaeologists Kotzia and Charalambos Makarona Niko and a large part of it remained until now in chests in the storerooms of the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki, brings to the surface the head of, Polixeni Adam – Veleni, together with the archaeologist Annareta Toyloymtzidoy…
The publication of the excavation was only 1956 with rule of law. Kotzias in commemorative volume 100o Archaeological Journal, but the details of the findings were limited, Since the four tombs one (Tomb (a)) epichwthike during the construction of the airport's water tower being restored. and others ((B), (C), (D)) katachwthikan.
A small part of the findings are from years at displays of the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki, but many remained in boxes,, even without maintenance.. Among them are gold jewelry,, 40 Gold Myrtle leaf from wreath but it is not easy to restore,, Golden threads,, a spear with iron-tipped spear, a bronze mirror, female terracotta busts, but parts of… artidio, a kind of dough with flour, oil and honey, finding unique to Greece.
The Tomb belonged to a woman, brought the golden leaves of Myrtle wreath, gold jewelry and gold fabric yarn. The Tomb b was the most sensational, belonged to guy, He had only three findings, one spear, a clay lamp and a vase.. The Tomb belonged to a woman, c, probably old,, not burned-up and found her teeth- and brought rich finds,, jewelry, Accessories,, but a bronze mirror.
"This is a cluster of tombs inside tumulus, for members of the same family, they had some economic area», said «nation» Ms. Toyloymtzidoy, while Ms. Veleni spoke of "joy and the thrill of the archaeologist who discovers a great artifacts inside boxes».
Until today at the Thessaloniki Archaeological Museum showcases exhibits a full gold olive wreath, that thought comes from the tomb of Sedes. The new study showed that comes from the tomb of Tsagezi in area b of Amphipolis, Serres. Also, not derived from the Sedes and a gold disfigured and mutilated an eartag with Antelope head. Although depicted in the publication of the graves from the n. Kotzias, There is no mention in the article of the, While boxing is included in the list of metallinwn 1941 also referred to as origin the Stibresi Kilkis. "In addition, typologically belong to following mid-3rd b.c.. century times, that is incompatible with the dating of the other findings of the tomb and the content of gold is much lower than the jewelry of the Tomb in Sedes», reported Ms. Veleni.
From the findings of a tomb, archaeologists estimate that the dead burned a wooden bed with bronze lentigines- decorative elements similar to the nail heads- wearing chrysoufanto clothes and gold jewelry that have remained disjointed. Mangled by burning was the Golden yarn-fabric lemallae, as shown by the examination with microscope. The bronze mirror with a bronze bucket throwing them at the stake, While as showed similar mirrors are known from Alexandria, kydonia, Athens, Eretria etc.. The oldest is two mirrors from Athens and Apollonia of Pontus and dated to 360-350 BC.
Eight women's clay busts "entynan" outside the Tomb a. A new guy belonged the Tomb Ii, the most impressive of the four. The monumental Tomb thalamwtos, 2Ch3 measures dimension, with a ridge roof and large thyraion opening, It was sylimenos and found only one spear, a clay lamp and a crock-pelike. The spear with iron-tipped Spear is difficult even to preserve, attributed to hunting and not polemic dishes, suitable for big game hunting. As for the Red pelike, race with tethrippo expression brought, While integer found the Castor abafes clay lamp, exhibited at the Museum.
The rich man, The Griffins and the great battle
Arguably the most rich in discoveries was the grave c, who was caught in July 1938. Apart from the elefantosteina objects that surround both kibwtidia and mentioning in miniature by Golden URNs of Vergina, impressive is the spindle of the dead elefantosteino, a few fragments of which have been found, While from the same material was the scallop of. According to Ms. Veleni, the increased use of ivory in Macedonia noted after the conquests of m. Alexander in Asia.
On the main side of the bed there was combat Arimaspwn show-mythical nation, Scythian origin, trigger-happy, one who had their hair tied with gold- and grypwn, namely, four pairs of Arimaspwn and probably grypwn, with elefantosteina the heads and the shields of styles and the heads and wings of grypwn, While the remaining parts were gold plated mortar. This is the first time that recognized this issue (Arimaspi and griffins) to utilitarian bed cremated with decoration – a similar theme is known only from a single Tomb in Agios Athanasios, Thessaloniki, but the forms are from clay and decorated burial bed usage.
The dead were probably elderly, He was buried on the bed, with purple bedding, It was covered with fabric that had sewn 40 stoneware discs-gold plated knobs and in each of the four corners of the bed was passed by a gold wreath, Myrtle and Ivy, and gold-plated necklaces from clay beads. The ritual that is known from other wealthy burials in Macedonia, men and women during the early Hellenistic era.
It should be noted that the new interesting items were recently presented by the two archaeologists at the archaeological Congress in a work titled "Sedes 1938: addenda ((additions)) and correcciones ((corrections)) the findings of the tombs (a), (B) and (c)».