Arsinoe Ii: The Queen and the King woman
Queen of Macedonia (and Thrace), the King of upper and lower Egypt
Born the 316 e.g., probably in Memphis
Πέθανε Πιθανώς 16 ή 17η Ιουλίου 268 e.g..
Married with two successive kings of Macedonia, Arsinoe II, then he returned to the Egyptian homeland and the court of the younger brother Ptolemy II, whom she married to become queen for the third time.
Although these titles were supposed to have been awarded posthumously, Recent research showed that Arsinoe II was recognized as king of Upper and Lower Egypt during her lifetime. As Hatshepsut over a thousand years earlier, Arsinoe was daughter of Ra and adopted the same badges to show continuity with past practice. Further exploitation Egyptian tradition, Arsinoe was likened to Isis, He was loosely twinned with brother wife of Osiris. Like other married brothers, iArsinoi and Ptolemy were equated with traditional deities Zeus and Hera on their Greek counterparts.
Joint portrait of Arsinoe and Ptolemy noted the family resemblance with the putative uncle Alexander, whose mummified body, He was trapped in the royal capital Alexandria, was further evidence of the divinely inspired Dynasty.
This also was a relationship Arsinoe fully exploited, from subtle approval of horns ram Alexander trademark staring eyes so big some medical historians argue that it must have suffered from blatant goitre, a disease that often affects the thyroid.
Arsinoe II had certainly use versatile and public image to great effect on the political relations, when she and Ptolemy II became the first of the successors of Alexander the Great to make official contact with Rome in 273 e.g..
In the new capital of Egypt, Alexandria, Arsinoe's influence was even stronger. Continuing Ptolemaic tradition by spending huge sums to the Great Library and Museum, They personally financed impressive public festival with which to impress her subjects.
Once transformed the Ptolemaic home to a dazzling bastion of luxury consumption, the 48 Arsinoe years died in July 268 e.g.. and cremated in a Macedonian-style ceremony. The memory remained alive in the annual festival "Arsinoeion", and renaming of streets, city, cities and entire regions in honor of, both in Egypt and around the Mediterranean.
Spiritual presence was so strong that for the next 22 During the reign of Ptolemy II, never remarried and continued to appear with dead wife in the official portraits, naming the official documents and issuance of coins.
As the first woman Ptolemaic rule as king female, achievements Arsinoe then repeated by the women of the dynasty, the last of which was the Great Cleopatra.
Cleopatra was the last, and of course the most famous, highlight three millennia of female Pharaoh of Egypt.