You can see λίκνων being used in a Dionysiac Procession in this Dionysus sarcophagus

The Alexandrian and the Romans present Dionysus as a hilarious Bakcho, God of wine and entertainment. But Dionysus is something more than all of them and the various sites of titles, like Dendrite, Anthios, Karpis, Fleys etc., the confirm. Regarding the Dionysian Orgies, were not the current meaning of with Orgies?, but they were acts of devotion and worship, While the acts of his maenads belonged to winter ceremonies and seems to have had no connection with the festivities of wine.

In the 5th century. Greek travelers came in first contact with the Dionysian worship, over the mountains and Rhodope Pageon. Homer associates with the Thracian Dionysus Lycurgus. The Bacchae of Euripides tells us that came from Phrygia and his cult spread in Thrace, Macedonia and the rest of Greece.

In many places in Macedonia and Thrace found findings about the God Dionysus, as in Pella, Vergína, Derveni, Olynthos, Mende, Thessaloniki, Veroia, Kavala, Limenas Thassos, Abdera, We still have many testimonials from CT angiograms that are kept in foreign museums. These represent mainly the Penthea in various phases of action of, which gives us information on the work of Euripides Bacchae.

The dithyramb tragoydiotan usually in honor of Dionysus, but once and at celebrations of Apollo or of other gods. Archilochus mentions him as a nice song, When the wine hits him, like the lightning. Herodotus says that the Aryans the wrote and taught him first. Aristotle writes in his Poetry, that the roots of the tragedy are in “exarchontes” the dithyramb. Still says that the ethos of harmony of the dithyramb was the Phrygian, because of frygikis origin of Dionysian worship.

Dionysus and Ariadne

The dithyramb was exhilarating nature lyric song, There appeared, where cultivated the vine. Originally it was offhand, Arion was the one who protected it in turns and reversals, choirs and funeral orations. The original meaning was religious and were chanted by sympotes, around an altar where there was sfachto for the offered sacrifice. After amendments artion, the dithyramb choral chant evolved into and was associated with tragedy, the comedy and satirical drama. From the 420 e.g.. and then developed as a separate kind of poetry.

In ancient Macedonia there were many theatres (Dion, Philippi, Thassos, Thessaloniki, etc.), too often played in dramas about Dionysus.

At the end of the course, the dithyramb ceased to be exclusively religious. Came out of’ the narrow circle of transported hymns and began to narrate and other myths, in various musical performances like model “Member apolelymenoy”. In the major cities of ancient Macedonia, as in the rest of Greece, until the Roman times, was majestic dances with packaged. Dionysus was the wellspring for artists and writers enpneysis. By male gods, only Apollo and Hermes can compete with Dionysus in the multitude and variety of expressions. Sculptors, painters, writers, composers and musicians have created brilliant works for’ This. The musicians of the era sang many packaged and lyrical chants, which had as its basic theme the various adventures of Dionysus. The dithyramb was always the traditional devotional song for the Macedonians.

The worship of God is called, that spread to the rest of Greece, starting from Macedonia. According to tradition, Dionysus with the sequence of descended from North to South, in the region of Attica where and estathmeyse. There exists today the homonymous village. In Attica, Dionysus taught the cultivation of ampelloy and hosted by King Icarian. He, When was the wine, that was unknown until then, placed in sheepskin and ran to the deal for the citizens of his country. But residents in their drunkenness than’ wine, they had already tried, they thought, that the King wanted them to poison them for’ It turned against him and killed him in kataschizontas. Later, When xemethysan re’ their wine, they buried him and the King's daughter Erigone, When he found the corpse of her father, on the desperation of hanged from a tree. From the myth that comes and the adopted feast “Hammock”, they were held in honor of Ikarios in Dionysia. In celebration of this , Hang small masks and statuettes on the trees were chanted by the celebrants and folk chants about the myth. Still offered sacrifices and choreyontan the askwliasmos. In this dance the dancers were dressed in goat skins, Why first ikarios, When I got drunk, choreyse this dance wearing leather goat, who killed, because ate the shoots of Grapevine.

Maenads - Nymphs, companions of Dionysus

Known Maenads allegedly nannies of Dionysus, holding torches and drums and follow in’ all his wanderings. According to the Homeric hymn ((G), 132) the Maenads were nymphs kallikomoi, which epimeloyntan Dionysus, synorgiazontas with him. Masquerade themselves with skins of beasts, danced to beating drums and raising the thyrsoys and took a prominent role in the rites of the God. Depending on the ecstasy brought them and the names: Cheer, Bliss, Calm, Blessed womb and many other.

The music well, the orchisi, the songs, wine and amusements were typically at festivals of Dionysus and cause pleasure and joy to participants in’ These. Due to the wide spread of the religion of Dionysus, many sites competing for the place of birth of the. In Macedonia, as possible places of birth of God, are the Leibithron and the Pimpleia of Olympus, why there since ancient times worshipped, According to the testimonies of Dionysus and Orpheus.

From the many rich discoveries, found in Macedonia about the God Dionysus, We conclude, that music, dancing and singing were closely connected with the worship of. Aulos, the barbiton and drums was the main musical instruments at ceremonies. The first’ Excellence song, associated with the worship of the dithyramb, that was sung around the shrines of orchoymenoys Satyrs. Later, the dithyramb was associated with the drama and developed as a choral chant. The dithyramb was also an epithet of Dionysus in the Greek market, Re’ they came from and the name of the month of Dithyramb.

Dionysus, as written by Nick Paikos. Asilanis in Dionysiaca, inspiring dithyrambo, invigorating the glorious rural and urban celebrations from which was born the satirical drama, the comedy, the tragedy and the theater in General, at the beginning it was concerned with the explanation and istorisi of admirers the adventures of God. Provides new life to the music and dance, broaden the horizons of sculpture and painting, and in all events of the ancient Greeks gives vivacity and passionate elements unknown in static and calm art of previous centuries.

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