What happens in Amphipolis; Just the Anaskaftikan 25. What lurks in the remaining 133 m.;
The time that the funerary monument of Amphipolis in Kasta strongly resists the Hill to give answers as to the identity of the deceased and the many innovations that distinguish its construction, the scripts find ground to foyntwsoyn and spread with speed.
The first born is what happens at the bottom of the Hill. Its diameter is 158,4 m. and the excavation covers hardly 25 m. in a straight line. In the remaining 133 m. What lies; May lie beneath the Hill Kasta several funerary monuments;
The second has to do with the change of tack that occurs primarily from the excavation team, which although initially talks about sealing the monument construction time, on the basis of new data – the identification of the head of the Sphinx in the third Chamber, the broken marble door and the wear on the mosaic with the abduction of Persephone – considers something many had supported from the outset: that stamping and the walls were subsequently katachwsi the erection of the monument.
The point is though when this happened. In addition it creates fertile ground for even a script that has already found many followers: that the monument was used more than once in different phases and may be visited, at least until the point where the door.
End, the anamochleymeni situation of the floor clearly in the third Chamber allows to formulate the opinion that someone's treasure Tomb robbers in search caused the disaster of the floor and is not hiding something remarkable under limestone.
Mih. Tiberius: Maybe not never know the ' occupant ' of Amphipolis
"I think we are near the end of the excavation", says the scholar and Emeritus Professor of Classical Archaeology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, k. Michael Tiberius.
"I don't believe that under the ground of third Chamber – the fourth area is no other Hall. I do not believe that there is another underground space. I think that from now on there is no something else», notes Mr. Tiberius on developments of excavation work on the monument of Amphipolis which, as we all know, revealed that there was no Fourth Chamber, leading the efforts to have now shifted under the floor of the third Chamber.
"There might be a situation where you don't never know with certainty who was buried in’ This grave ", also he tells us. Tiberius, the who has raised speculation that the monument can be ' hosted ' the General of Alexander the great, Nearhos, or that the grandiose monument can be built for the wife of Alexander the great, Roxanne and their son, Alexander D '. "I remind you that these are all speculations. Only speculation can become ", It establishes the main Tiberius.
For the same, the principal is safe and that the funerary monument dating to the late 4th-early 3rd century b.c.. X. "The fact that the floor of the Tomb seems compromised-, This is due to the efforts of tymbwrychwn that their presence is more than just strong from the beginning that started to reveal this monument», CITES himself. And reminds: "There is no Fourth Chamber have said for too long. I'd say, of course, that does not exist in 95% but because this monument has many new items, Let a percentage 5% to exist».
What can hope, well, now the excavation team; "If the Tomb robbers fled the Larnaca and left bones or bone fragments, then maybe we can learn the sex of a tenant or occupant of the Tomb. Hence, If you found something, This may be in the soil of the third Chamber. We may find there some trace of the dead. Something that had no value for the body-snatchers ".
Truth, will be disappointed if there are no other findings and does not reveal the identity of the resident or residents of the Tomb;"I'm very disappointed because; ΄Isa – equal, others will be disappointed because they did a bunch of scripts. This monument, Thus or otherwise, It is unprecedented for the science of archaeology. ΄Edwse and will give many new items. See, of course, and the results of the excavation. If the excavation is done in a scientific way. Because I highly doubt – when I see mpoyltozes in the excavation – if it is scientific excavation».
Paliadeli: We all have responsibility for expectations that cultivated in Amphipolis
"We are all partly responsible for the rise of expectations from Amphipolis, but this does not diminish the value of finding» Chrysoula Paliadeli said, Professor of archaeology.
The Chrysoula Paliadeli argued that "from the beginning it seemed that the Tomb be tampered, the image was clear» the Professor stressed and added that with you "finish and the investigation into the soil in the third Ward and if you can't find other elements closes the excavation".
For the supposed passage beneath the floor of the third Chamber, Ms. Paliadeli said that "so far all we have is broken pieces without seeing a building leading to the crypt".
"If it is true that the last wall is sealed you have to come to terms with the idea that the monument ends there, This does not mean that the same tumulus no other graves», He said Ms. Paliadeli and added that he hopes will find the Memorial bones and this will give us the possibility to get closer to the identity of the deceased and of the monument.
"If we don't find bones or bone fragments, to substantiate at least the number of the dead, i.e.. If you are going for one or more or for sex, i.e.. If it is male or female, as well as age, then the tomb of Amphipolis is a monument that will be looking for its owner " and hastened to point out that even if the monument is not attributed to a specific historical person, It is anyway unique to the size, the form and decoration of.
Athanasios Nakasis: Made many mistakes in the excavation of Amphipolis-if you look better, you will find other graves
The Honorary Chairman of ancient monuments Restorations, Athanasios Nakasis, estimated that there are other graves in the tomb and added, inter alia, that was not done properly the excavation. Specific, Speaking at the SKAI said that "If you look in the tumulus Kasta, Maybe other tombs found, larger, and maybe Leo to be associated with another monument of Amphipolis».
Indeed, did not agree with the assessment that there may be a vault beneath the floor of the 3rd. "There is no precedent of the Macedonian tomb with underground kamaroskepastoy. I don't think that there is something underneath, to tell you the truth. Is everything,What we see. This assessment was from last week», stressed by Mr. Νακάσης.
"If you do not find an inscription, If there is no Epigraphic given, Maybe not never know for whom he made the monument. The Tomb must have a relationship with someone who lived and raised in Amphipolis», added.
At The Same Time, Mr. Nakasis estimated that there have been multiple attempts at sylisis of the Tomb. "The first picked up the precious and the next were looking for treasures beneath the floors. New mosaic bash and find something. Probably hit the floor and listened to is like hollow pricked does is something hidden ".
"This monument is typical Macedonian Tomb. So is almost everyone. If it's family tomb, should have put others in. We could if we made incisions on the walls, and specifically in their foundations, to find when built each of them. The shells that were there would give the date built the wall. Don't forget that archaeology has gone too far and accurately counts 2 years. So we could speculate who is buried there. Every season is characterized by a layer. When the ancients manufacturers decided to construct the tomb and put soil, This was the first building. It was the same with the body-snatchers and go saying. We could know when it became the first grave robbing. But when soils are removed in bulk, the findings are then muddled and have no archaeological value than commercial. However not extinguished hopes…», stressed by Mr. Νακάσης.
"In this huge tumulus that there should be other and larger tombs. Leo of Amfipolis may not regard this dead but others or someone bigger», He said o k. Athanasios Nakasis. "The mound of Vergina is half of the tuba in kamaroskepastoys and has three Amfipoli graves» added.
Hiding other tombs;
"Logically there must be another Tomb in Tomb, not inside a hill of diameter 158 m. to have covered only the 25 m. "says in the new Professor Emeritus of Classical Archaeology excavation experience. "Even under the tumulus where Philip's tomb was found in Vergina, there were three other graves, two of them had despoiled " Adds.
"The question is how much percentage the tumulus is artificial and how much is natural rock» mentions other specialty academic teacher of the same. "The existence of enclosure, however, leaves open the possibility of going for a clump of graves ' highlights.
From the side of, the Director of classical Antiquities Katerina Romiopoulou notes: "To have a clear answer should become a magnetic diaskopisi, that will show at what point should the excavation team to ' hit '».
Is not, though, the only technology that can speak for the contents of the Tomb. "One solution would be to ' shaved’ the surface of the hill over the precincts, to determine if juts something» continues Ms. Romiopoulou, While the Emeritus Professor supplement: "Like the webs of exeichan road (r.r.: of the runway before entering) This funerary monument».
The question of whether the underground area beneath the floor of the third Chamber, They excavated this time, can hides a crypt full of treasures and responses, Ms. Romiopoulou responds:
"There are no such caches in Macedonian tombs dating at least to the time of the monument, IE at the end of the 4th or early 3rd century. e.g.. Perhaps it is just a downhill or Nestor more soft natural rock. If cache should have walls. If there was a golden Larnax is not going to be spared from the Tomb robbers. If they were wooden won't have nothing left, only studs. However, with so many surprises so far has given this finding should not exclude anything "highlights.
Another question that remains unanswered is whether the Tomb belongs to a dead or if it was polyandrio or Memorial Cenotaph.
"Have another form of such monuments," explains Professor Emeritus University of. "This is usually either a pit or a large hall. But we don't have anything like this in Amphipolis. This view was expressed because of Leo that was considered by the excavators that belongs to the tumulus. But there is no tomb Leo. And Chaironeias and Amphipolis are associated with dead on battlefield, but were not at the top of mound».
The view was expressed in the news release of the archaeologist NERIT Kostas Soyeref, who stresses that "should be checked the yard of the tomb of Amphipolis, in order to determine whether there are other graves».
He recalled that at the tombs of Goats happened the same, While written with the excavation team's view regarding the possibility of a floor in the third Ward and below and new room.
Also, Mr. Soyeref pointed out that in the grave of Amphipolis it may be either the son of Alexander the great, the Alexandros, either the Aristwnas, Commandant of the Macedonian leader.
P. Faklaris: In Amphipolis became parade tymbwrychwn
The tomb of Amphipolis is sylimenos without no doubt, indicates the Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, p. Faklaris. Indeed, Professor in an interview with Star spoke of "tymbwrychwn" parade.
"From the beginning it was clear that the tomb was despoiled of Amphipolis. By spring I in my classes say to my students that if they found the Tomb will be sylimenos. I appreciate that has looted at least twice and talk anyway for tymbwrychwn parade».
As proof of his tomb sylisis Professor mentions the "disruption" in room two floors but also the damage to Mosaic, which returns to the tymbwrychwn effort to find treasure digging.
Mr. Faklaris also says that there is a third Chamber and are not going to find anything, After the precious objects will have definitely gotten the Tomb robbers.
Note that you will not ever found the name of the deceased in the grave, Since there is no inscription, While States with certainty that it is not buried there King.
Cenotaph in favour of Alexander the great heros
"The empty booths and the impasse in which the excavation was found, strengthens the version on kenotafioy heros in favour of Alexander the great ' estimates by the American archaeologist Dorothy King and adds that "it is a monument that was not used again for any other, as this would constitute a sacrilegious act».
"The booths, probably, used by some worshiping community of Alexander the great, While he waited for the repatriation of the mortal remains of. The objects contained in the Tomb, It should have been removed before transferring the backfill, which was to prevent the collapse of the monument ", staff blog writes the well-known archaeologist.
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