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Amphipolis. gr | From the paradise of Iranians in paradise of Genesis

The word ' paradise ' comes from the word paridaiza alfalfa, «fencing», with the pari to mean ' on ' and the daiza "wall / Wall». As often happened, the Greeks got their loans from the Iranian Medes rather than from the Persians: e.g.. the word satrap is alfalfa form this Iranian title (< xšathrapā(van), -Persian form xšaçapāvan). The ancient Persian equivalent of paradise is paridaida. The emergence of such a loan term as midikoy in Greek, but also in Akkadian, the Hebrew and Aramaic, It is further proof of the effect of the enigmatic Midwn. The same race has left very few traces, the early history is difficult to reconstitute, but the fact that the Greeks called them anatolites their opponents first Medes and Persians later only confirms their earlier importance. Similarly the Jews speak of Medes in Isaiah and Jeremiah, but for Medes and Persians in metaichmalwsiaka books of esdra, Nehemiah, Esther and Daniel.
Almost immediately after the Persian conquest of Babylon the 539 e.g.. find Babylonian documents decades of the sixth century, in which the principles of the temples is responsible for maintaining and establishing pardesu. One of them is vineyard, Another relates to planting Palm trees and brick construction. More information is available in only a few elamitika later texts. After the fall of the Elamitwn Empire in the seventh century, the Persians settled in its territory and kept the elamitika as their official language of bureaucracy in Louver until around 460. Here we find references to partetas, Word that corresponds to the ancient Persian paridaida. From the texts the following meanings emerge: partetas are storage areas for plant products, like figs, dates, peaches, apricots, pomegranates and kingly cereals, mostly pretty close to Persepolis. Although the size of a partetas was rather mediocre, It was big enough to contain the sheep to commemorate a religious ceremony, a sacrifice to Ahuramazda. End, There is a clear link with the trees. The dominant presence of trees due to the fact that the Persians attached particular value on trees. It already appears from a letter from Darius I in someone Gadatas, the caretaker of the local «paradise», the paradeisario, a term that is repeated in Syriac as pardayspana, in older texts the Armenians as partizpan, and in epic neopersiko as palezban. In the letter the King praises the Gadatas for the cultivation of fruit plants of Syria in Western Asia minor and reprimands for taxing Holy Apollo's gardeners. Someone Pythian, Perhaps the grandson of Growth, gave Darius a gold vine and platani, He remained well-known until Antigonus the melted the 316 e.g.. When he found a plane East of Sardis, Xerxes the decorated with gold and appointed a permanent guardian for him. Cyrus the younger showed in Lysander paradise at Sardis and claimed that he had personally planted some trees.
Therefore: at the beginning of the Persian Empire were two closely related words in current use for paradise: the term paridaiza midikos and the ancient Persian paridaida. The last word was adopted in Elamitiki, the first was adopted by the Babylonians, the Greeks and the Jews. Secondly the early Iranian paradise had no stable meaning. It could be a place for storing, a vineyard, Orchard, a stable, forest or tree nursery. Apparently, the most important and unifying element was the precinct. Thirdly, None of these descriptions do not fit even with the biblical Garden of Eden.
The connection between trees and heaven appears in the old testament, where in Nehemiah (2.8) the namesake protagonist asks wood from the Superintendent of pardes of King to make beams for the gates of the Palace. The passage appears to come from the original memoirs of Nehemiah, dating from the second half of the fifth century, and hence is a valuable testimony to the existence of the Persian havens, not only in Asia minor, but also in other parts of the Persian Empire. The Nehemiah does not indicate the location of paradise of, but may was in Lebanon. Trees are also mentioned in the song of songs (4,13 – 14), that might be written in Jerusalem around 400 e.g.. Here you will find a pardes of pomegranates, with pleasant fruit, nardo, yolk, cane and cinnamon, with all its frankincense trees. There is a possibility that the word "paradise" appeared in Greek literature in the fifth century. Clearchos (Re. 43a) says that the Lydians in their luxury built havens, forming them like parks, and so they lived in the shade. As clearchos elsewhere used the history of Xanthos by Lydia, a premier contemporary of Herodotus, It seems likely that the Xanthos was perhaps the first Greek writing used the term paradise. This is not unlikely, Since he came from Lydia and he may well be their havens of Sardis knew personally. As fit in paradises, It consisted of trees, but the Sardioi apparently had them turn it into a more cultured environment than the standard Persian havens, Maybe with pavilions for their visitors. In any case, There was a home and a place with four-poster bed in babylwnio paradise, where he died Alexander. At first glance it may be surprising that speaks to clearchos paradises in the plural, but the texts often speak in this way. Some examples are havens in Susa (Αιλιανός, On animals 7.1), the wild parks of Pharnabazus (Xen., ELL. 4.1.15, 33), the hunting provided havens in Demetrius Demetrius Poliorcetes in the place of exile of (Plutarch, Dimitrios 50) and the Syrian havens with Cypress referred by Theophrastus (Plants (p). 5.8.1).
From the testimony of Xenophon (Economical, Greek, Anabasis, Cyropaedia) and other Greek writers, but from the biblical passages, We can draw the following conclusions about the meaning of havens in late Achaemenid Empire: Firstly, the passages of Nehemiah and the song of songs seem to indicate that, Besides the paradises hunting approved by Xenophon, other meanings of the Persian paradise, such as Orchard and tree growth place, remained live. Secondly, the early Greek havens connected with people only to a limited extent. There are orchards, vineyards or storage locations-concepts for which the Greeks certainly had their own words. From the other side, as explicitly stated in Greek. 4.1.15, It was fenced and in this regard reflect the Iranian origin. Thirdly, seems to be a relatively unknown phenomenon for Greeks, After being on the Economic of Xenophon effectively covers the term saying that there are parks, the so-called havens, where goes the King. Fourthly, These specific havens were characterized by limited size, the proximity to other havens, την presence of animals, water (whether River or a Lake), the importance of trees and, in General, from lush vegetation. These havens are not absent from the Persian heartland, After Susa ardeyotan paradise (Ctesias FGrH 688 F 34), and the tomb of Cyrus in Pasargadae was located in a paradise with a grove of all kinds of trees, ardeyomenos, and deep grass had grown on the Prairie. Fifth, the havens were in possession of the highest Persian nobility. Hence became the symbol of the Persian authority, as it seems to indicate the selection of Palm trees to pose as their first target in their rebellion 351 e.g.. the Royal Paradise. Sixth and last, Unlike the paradise of Genesis, the havens were primed with hunting wild animals and thereby allow the Persians to keep themselves well prepared for war.
After the fall of the Achaemenid Empire havens quickly disappeared hunting, After the hunt does not play the same role in the lives of his successors Megalou Alexandrou, as between the Persian rulers. However, other havens continued to exist, but without the wild animals. We can make this change already quite early in the third century, After the 246 e.g.. the small Cretan town of Itanos devoted a "holy shrine" near the gate, probably a public garden type, as a paradise for Ptolemy Iii (246-221). This certainly wasn't a hunting park. Neither, apparently, the havens were associated with Royal residences, referred to scrolls at the end of the third century. Other combinations of palaces and parks clearly show that these havens were parks. In the third and second century, the paradise is connected with water (Numbers 24.6, Isaiah 1.30), trees (Ezekiel 31.8,9), contrasts with the desert (Isaiah 51,3) and it is a sign of great wealth (Ezekiel 28.13), but nowhere do we hear about animals. In Ecclesiastes, that seems to be dated to the third century b.c., Solomon says: "I've made myself gardens and pardesim, and I planted trees in them of all sorts of fruits» (2.5). As in the above-mentioned case in song of songs, modern translations use the term "Orchard", and indeed, in modern Hebrew the word "Orchard" is pardes. Most orchards are listed in downstream Papyri from Egypt, containing many references to havens. These havens were utilitarian gardens, Since the average size is extremely small, smaller than a hectare. Hence, It is not surprising that we hear about them be sold or purchased. In Roman times the havens became even more cultured, as follows directly from the paradises in the Greek novels scrub and Achilles Tatioy. There are still springs and trees, but the landscape has become far more artificial. We are now seeing the presence of meadows and flowers: Roses, daffodils and hyacinths. Instead of a wildlife paradise inhabited by swans, parrots and peacocks.
Before answering the question why the Septuagint, in the third century b.c., they chose the term ' paradise ' to translate the Hebrew term Gan Eden, We have to solve another problem. Because the translators do not prefer the equally likely Greek term "Garden"; As the paradise, the garden is connected to the water (Isaiah 1.29), but it is clearly simpler than the magical paradise (Deuteronomy 11.10, 1 Kings 20.2). These gardens are cultivated primarily for their productivity and was closely connected with the housing estates. It was small, fenced, cultivated intensively and were famous for vegetables and flowers. In other words, for Jews the word translators garden hardly conjured up the image of a Royal Park worthy of Yahweh.
But if the translators preferred the word paradise, whom Heaven have in mind; We can reject the old Persian notions of "warehouse" or "vineyard" and use for hunting in Xenophon, Since neither God nor Adam show no interest in hunting, Neither drink alcohol. It is almost certain that we can ignore their havens also eventually Hellenistic and Roman Egypt, Since it was too small, too simple and too utilitarian to be worthy of Yahweh. This leaves us the modern Royal paradises of the Hellenistic period, as it is visible in various descriptions: Royal Parks with many trees, suitable for walking, less boisterous than their forerunners the Persian, but more wooded than the late Roman offspring. Such parks natural fit with the time of the Septuagint, i.e. Alexandria during the second quarter of the third century BC.. Our knowledge of early Alexandria is incomplete, but it is increasingly recognized that the Royal Palace of the Ptolemy Ii drew inspiration from Persian palaces with havens. The Paradise seems actually imprinted on the description of the Palace of the King of Colchis from Aiti on Apollonius the Rhodium (Argonautica 3.219 – 29). There is also a clear indication of the connection of paradise of Yahweh with the world of Ptolemaic Dynasty: the translation of expression Gan Eden in Genesis (3.23) as a "paradise of tryfis». The "tryfi" was a term widely used in Ptolemaic Dynasty monarchy to characterize the peaceful life with prosperity and magnificence. Three kings were branded "Tryphon" and several princesses ' Tryfaina». In Roman times the tryfi became synonymous with the "good life". Clearly the era of Ptolemy was no longer the era of Cyrus with physical discomfort and sweat, but the world of wealth, comfort and luxury. Back from paradise of heavenly King in the Septuagint were concealed the cultured havens of earthly Egyptian Greek sovereigns of modern.
* Απλοποιημένη εκδοχή από το Bremmer, “The Birth of Paradise”, Greek Religion and Culture, the Bible, and the Ancient Near East, Brill 2008

Amphipolis.gr | What are the relations of the Greeks with the museums;

According to research presented at the 10th Symposium of the Department of archaeology and art history of the University

What are the relations of the Greeks with the museums; What museums prefer, How often do you visit and for what reasons; Only a small part of the findings of the preliminary findings of the research project surveying public opinion about museums and their social value, presented yesterday at the 10th scientific symposium organized by the Department of archaeology and art history, in the main building of the University of Athens. The presentation did Marlene Moylioy, Lecturer in Museology, who designed, the 2014, Research, in collaboration with the graduate school, Sophia Karounis and relates to a small sample of the total material, that corresponds to 131 answers, that is about one-quarter of the total sample.

However, This is a fairly representative sample, as, as has been said, encapsulates representative trends and perceptions. The pilot was in various areas of Athens, as the Constitution, kolonaki and Kaisariani, as well as the Western and northern suburbs, IE the Dove and the Kifissia. The sampling was last may, over a period of about two months. Citizens were asked to declare thoughts, images, emotions, as well as a unique museum that come to mind that reflected personal preferences. ' Men and women had the same about participation, the age groups were 18-25 and 35-45 years, While it was mainly for high school graduates, with several students, graduates and private employees.

From the answers emerged as the first choice-even in the sounding of the word Museum- the Acropolis Museum, While he followed at a distance the National Archaeological Museum. About 70%, said that he frequently visited museums, and when this happens a quarter of respondents replied that it does by placing learning story, the ancient and culture. A large percentage gave no answer as to why he goes to museums, While as a dominant emotions evoked pride, the awe and admiration, without missing and just the opposite, i.e. boredom, indifference, Perhaps a contemplation, but especially a difficulty on how to feel.

The archeological museums are sovereign, Although often chosen together as second category with art museums and folklore. As to the reasons why selected, the dominant response is "I don't know", that means, as mentioned by the talking, that many times go to museums without being sure that they want to do it or not but I just wish to declare a general positive attitude '. Very few reported that they go to museums alone-usually do so together with family and friends –, While the question what they dislike in them, answer tickets. Consider that the Greeks should have a different treatment compared with strangers, that the ticket is too high and that we need to revise the pricing policy of the Ministry of. They also believe that the museums should become more interesting, interactive and attractive for citizens. End, consider as their key role in the promotion of culture and history and then the educational and tourist. The above research is underway.



Ultimately it is the archaeological discovery in the Caste of Amphipolis Tomb or temple;

Us see some info for the site of the ancient history of the region. Amphipolis has a direct relationship with the paggaio mountain where means Everything-Gaia = the whole Earth. Amphipolis means the Amphi-Polis = Audi, "from both sides" where implies two sides of the city = the upper and the lower.
For to see how they are all connected.
The THRACIANS, It was the people where already from the archaic years constituted the bulk of the population in General and of Elevation between the Strymon and Nestos country. It was what place of Orpheus, of Moysaioy, of Thamyri and of Eymolpoy, where were those people taught the divine mysteries and the music.

Keep in mind the name of the Eymolpoy you. He was the progenitor of Eumolpus ieratikoy genus of Evmolpidon.He was the son of the god Poseidon and Chionis, grandson of Boreoy and Wrythyias. Not random where we see there is something weird is happening in Neptune from behind. Poseidon does not go well with her fellow Jupiter. Poseidon , I need to learn, I need to know and that you have in your mind is how is the progenitor of the Atlases. They always hunted them where Greeks. Jupiter is the leader of the Greeks. Where kids of Poseidon , from back there are always suspicious of things. How to call in the tradition, When the Chioni begot Eymolpo, because they feared her father, She threw the baby into the sea, so his father Poseidon, as God of the sea, the protected, the went in Ethiopia . Here that you and your fellow mind again because it implies the submersion of Atlantis where many survivors Atlases in several areas went secretly , among of which ETA and the Egypt, Ethiopia, the Libya, the Greece.
From there he got the appropriate instructions and went to Thrace , stayed there to King Tegyrio for being founded there the Cabeiri mysteries. Those myoyntan in the mysteries of the Cabeiri were saying that they were the power to avoid the risks, to succeed in the most uncertain efforts and defeat enemies. In the mysteries of these myoyntan men, women and children at night, having previously were peeled and washed away. At the initiation were putting the candidate on the throne so the initiation was called thronismos. myoymenoy put at the head of the olive wreath and around the belly one red stripe which will safeguard from any danger. After he went in Elefsina. There was a priest and founder of the eleusinian mysteries. The eleusinian and sacramental celebration ceremony was held at Eleusis in Attica in honor of the goddess Demeter and Persephone.

The priesthood responsible for the ceremony consisted of descendants of Evmolpou, the Eymolpides, daughters of King Celeus {in King had hosted the Keleo goddess Dimitra} and from priestly lineage of Kirykwn ,who attributed their origin in Hermes and Aglayro. From the Eymolpides came the Ierofantis mysteries, While their Preachers from the torch bearer. {See the faces of the mosaic}.
Small Eleusinian constituted “preparation” for the big Mysteries. Small Eleusinian constituted “preparation” for the great mysteries. Seem great mysteries in the ceremony was divided into three sections: the happenings, during which there was a representation of the story of Demeter and Persephone, and the Rapture of the latter by Hades and wanderlust of her mother to find her, the deiknymena, where the Ierofantis come to the sanctuary and came a little later with the sacred objects of the two deities, which projected to the initiated, and so-called, symbolic phrases of initiates. Followed the highest degree of initiation called supervision. The central symbol of oversight was a COB, which was kept in the sanctuary of Telestirioy and after therizotan rituals by the Hierophant, This same guideline was to the faithful as a symbol of inexhaustible creative power of mother earth.

The ancient writers avoid to give more details about this item, as anyone who participated in the mysteries and reveal something of the ceremony punished with death.
We need to know that their continuity is the current masonic lodges.
Called how the insiders in the mysteries were an idea of what is there after the death. Where goes the soul. Even though further away we can see that in how synwmotika them laboring in ekpaideyontoysan secret enclosed spaces above s human known forces and had relationship with atlanties entities where ypogiines possessed dark powers of authority .
There in Pangeo , term where he had very gold and where it was useful for reasons we are unable to develop where here , It was the basis of the original mysteries. There went and kadmos , the son of King Agenor of Trojans and Tilefassas. { Troy was a cave where atlanteio and again disbanded by laboring Greeks. It was a epanastilwsis effort of Altantis.}

From there began and the Orphic Mysteries. Lykourgos, He reigned in Idwnoys, near the Struma, opposed to the worship of Dionysus, attacked the Bacchae sequence and threatened the life of God himself. Called how the Charops, helped Dionysus to beat and kill the Lycurgus, how he, getting the power according to the will of God winner, spread the worship of and how he taught his son Oiagro the Dionysian rituals, later his son Oiagroy, the Orpheus formed and systematized, so that became widely known as Orphic Mysteries.
Orpheus is a strange mythical figure, without clear hero traits, God or semi-God. Characterized as a "charmer from music and divination", but it was also rapporteur of certain secret ceremonies, religious poet, Prophet and priest. Additionally honored in his grave with sacrifices as a God and not enagismata like the heroes. Descended from Thrace and acted either in the region of Pieria, where there was the tomb of, whether in the area of Mount Paggaio . Orpheus after the descent into Hades, Re’ where failed to restore the Eurydice,{ in almost all the mysteries, There is suspicion of passage to another world. But what is this “Another World”; This is not of that talk now.}He returned to the upper World pained, and seven days roamed unspoken without food or mourned on the banks of a river , Maybe the Struma.
In the Centre of the teaching he entered the so-called ascribed to Dionysus Zagreas, son, in the "sacred ground" of the Orphic, of Zeus and goddess of the underworld Persephone.

So we can get to a first conclusion how the polis is an Amphi-NAO-grave dedicated to the mysteries of life and of death. A passage to the underworld of the dead. There were mysteries and only the insiders got to lower parts of the . No one knows what is the actual depth. If they can be cannot discover. Where that leads. And what is the relationship of laboring through underground worlds. With what and how many descents logs. What gates – passages has. And still , connected underground through the Elefsina and even what apart through the Egypt , the Ethiopia, the Libya;

Persephone implies the soul. Pluto implies the black darkness where it gets the soul, the steals. Something as this where our Orthodox religion tells how the devil to steal the kairofylaktei our soul. Hermes psychopompos is .

In the Prefecture of Serres and specifically in the region of n. Zichnis placed the Nysio field, renowned in antiquity for his horses, where Pluto grabbed her daughter Jane, Persephone. Homer calls in the Iliad pageOn "Nysiion". Other ancient texts indicate that in the plain North of Pageos was the ' Nysio ' field.

The abduction of Persephone by Hades, God of ypochthoniwn areas, is one of the most famous myths of Greece. Referred to in’ This extended one of the Homeric hymns, where the poet of, He devotes to Demeter, presents the various adventures of the drama of Rapture.


Right next to the ancient mountain Paggaio mystical-apokryfistiki "Valley of roses". The "Valley of the Roses" is a very mysterious area, It is evident that hides a dreadful and terrible secrets!!!

The truth about the excavations in Amphipolis!
Dr. Isaiah Konstantinidis

Big noise burst in the summer in connection with the newest archaeological discoveries on the site of Amphipolis, in the Prefecture of Serres, shortly before the famous "Delta" Strymonikos. The excavations showed surprisingly archaeological evidence, Indeed some have argued that it is not excluded among the findings to be… Tomb of Stretched! Please note that Amphipolis was ancient Athenian colony, with important geostrategic value. Eventually, the Ministry of culture (;) approved as a tutorial of the excavations… "crumbs" (!), the time that the Islamic mosque funded lavishly by the fools Greek taxpayer-voters of NE antichristis…

Though there is around the whole background, which may change even current performances and our perceptions of history! Because it is an undeniable fact that under that, just below the paggaio mountain and right next to the famous "Valley of roses" of utmost prehistory, at stake too much even for the present and future of Hellenism!… Besides, knowing in advance the ultimate value of this geographical area, the author has conducted field investigations in the past, part of which was published in our project "Sacramental Thraki, legends and myths», issued the 2009.

So what's the ultimate secret and terribly great value of this area; We refer of course to the topic and in our book. Here we do a little ' bloom ', a summary, because this area is extremely important from the point of view of historical, geopolitics, and religious. Only then you can become more understood the reasonable noise that erupted in the summer around these new archaeological discoveries, coming even to light amid broader shifts in our region and in the world around!

In this area certainly dominates the Mystic mountain pangeo. [Pangeo: EC of Pan + Gaia, but also an anagram of the name of Mary, that is why the mountain is dedicated to Theomitora]. Pangeo always "magnetize" the researcher and the visitor for the Mystic character, as for the gold that is hiding in the innermost part of the. The fact is that this term has great geographical basis of Stretched army, Moreover, since he previously had Philip remining gold from there, thereby causing the strongest army of his time. This was the Panellines of BC. period, in an attempt (After the Evagoras Cypriot) to join the forces of Hellenism and spread eastward, ekpolitizontas Asia and saving the world from barbarism!

Today over on top of the known Elevation Christian monastery of Panagia eikosifoinissa. Though the monastery is situated on dominant point (from where and the panoramic view of the area: Pangea), where once stood the ancient Thracian cult Centre of orfismoy! Indeed, here was the exact spot (According to our own studies), in which Orpheus taught his disciples everything: by divinity and metaphysics to astronomy and mathematics!… Orpheus is now regarded as "before Christ Christian», He taught among others and monotheism ("in everything») and shows the bear… crucifix (!), just like those of Jesus Christ…

The etymology of the name probably means "one who grows from the terms ' or ' Orofeas ' is (with apalleipsi then for phonetic reasons the letter "o"), i.e.. "he is at the top", Hence the word "roof" etc. And indeed, Orpheus, as good Shepherd, each dawn came on top of Mt. paggeo, They greeted with elation on the right hand held the rising sun! [What uneducated people call now… «fascist» greeting!!!].

Orfismoy symbol, like later Christianity, There was the Sun, either static (as the cross) whether on the move (i.e.. the rotating swastika or swastika). [It is evident here that the ancient solar symbols the Greeks some "progressive" tholokoyltoyriarides trying to disparage, presenting them as supposedly "Nazi", regardless of whether these proϋpirxan of Adolf Hitler during… a few thousand years!…].

Though, also, in Paggaio mountain have been found and symbols (Besides swastikas), Some consider… creations of alien culture!!! This is the famous rock carving of Mt. paggeo, from the oldest in the world (Maybe older, Why not;), for which in the past was a lot of talk about their origins, their usefulness, etc. However, we would say that the truth is somewhere in the Middle (you never have to be extreme): that i.e.. the symbols of brachografiwn of Mt. paggeo are human constructions, other than divine-extraterrestrial inspiration, which performed ' special ' ceremonial religious character, based on the movements of the stars and the Zodiac.

Right next to the ancient mountain Paggaio mystical-apokryfistiki "Valley of roses". The Rhodes course is clearly solar symbol (see. and the above cited our work). Hence the Isle of Rhodes was dedicated to the Sun, that is why the port once dominated the famous colossus of Rhodes-Sun God. From Rhodes (rose) comes the word "wheel" (wheel), as a semantic value which represents the rotating Sun. [even the Gypsies, I think until today in the Sun, have as their international symbol of the wheel]. The "Valley of the Roses" is a very mysterious area, It is evident that hides a dreadful and terrible secrets, and today there is the name "Rodolivos»… I.e.. a "Meadow" [= Valley] of roses!!!

Of course most people failed in the summer to understand the huge stakes for the Hellenism of the excavations of Amphipolis. Like "stunned chickens" by the blows of memoranda of understanding modern Greeks still blithely persons engaged, as Samaras and Boyboyzelos! Unable to capture the universal force of Greek culture. So I hit today, straight in despair, unemployment, depression and the baby bust…

But it is still subject to has awesomely great importance for the present and future of Hellenism! Because at that point are very well kept big secrets!… Which archaeologists slowly brings to light the day. Even though there are lathrolagnoi Panagiwtopoyloi, who "escaped" of the Hellenic Army, We do everything in order to islamopoiisoyn afellinisoyn and the sacred place of the Greeks! The theme has continued. And with many and varied dimensions. The "red Panoi" soon won't exist as political subjects, will be… politically dead! But until then, as has been said, "we will take all the forums… NOW, NOW, NOW»!

Amphipolis.gr | 18 April-international day of monuments and sites

As international day of monuments and sites 18th April has been established by Unesco and the International Council of monuments and sites (ICOMOS), which every year propose a specific topic for the emergence of its meaning.

In this context, events are carried out by the national and international scientific committees of the Council, with the main objective of the awareness of public opinion and the State heritage matters. This year, completed 50 years from the founding of ICOMOS, the scope of activities is wide and covers a variety of aspects of the protection and promotion of heritage architecture.

Specific, on Tuesday 21 April, the festive event that will be held in the building of the International Council of monuments and sites (Piraeus 73, Athens), at 6 in the afternoon, will be dedicated to the international day of monuments and sites, on the anniversary of 50 times, and the award of the distinguished members of ICOMOS: Petros Themelis, Nicholas Moytsopoyloy, Nicholas Agriatwni, Dionisio Ziva and Anastasios Portelanoy.

At a date to be announced shortly, will be presented the book ' The Protection of Archaeological Heritage in Times of Economic Crisis» ("The protection of the archaeological heritage in times of economic crisis"), with the announcements and the conclusions of the International Conference organized by ICOMOS Greece in Athens 2012, While on Monday 15 June 2015 will be held at the Auditorium of the Ministry of education, Culture and religious affairs (Bouboulinas 20 – 22) scientific Colloquium: "The ICOMOS and protecting cultural heritage. Cultural Internationalism and Greek national policy in the 21st century».

In June (expected date of communication) the event at the National Technical University of Athens will be dedicated to the celebration of 40 anniversary of the Declaration of Amsterdam (1975) for the protection of architectural heritage, While in September (16 until 21) the ICOMOS will go in Syros, where is co-hosting an event with the International Scientific Committee on historic towns.


The International Council of monuments and sites, ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites) It is the most authoritative international professional, non-governmental organization, that promotes the theory of methodology, technology and media for the protection and enhancement of historical monuments and sites of the countries of the world. It has members specialists from around the world and operates in 104 countries and at 5 continents. Is the technical consultant of Unesco on the protection of cultural heritage, capacity in which examines the proposals of the countries – members of Unesco for registering national monuments on the World Heritage list (Natural and cultural).

At The Same Time, with 21 international special scientific committees, studying specialized subjects, as the fortifications and defensive architecture, the management of cultural heritage, the protection of historic cities and settlements, cultural tourism and other.

Source: naftemporiki.gr

Amphipolis.gr | Gold wreath from Amphipolis, Serres lost to… warehouse

An ' unknown ' archaeological treasure that comes from four tombs of the early Hellenistic period (end 4th b.c.. century) -the two with rich funeral gifts, the third monumental entrance and the fourth, a small sylimenos- in the old military airport of SEDES in Thessaloniki, He had revealed the 1938 from the great archaeologists Kotzia and Charalambos Makarona Niko and a large part of it remained until now in chests in the storerooms of the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki, brings to the surface the head of, Polixeni Adam – Veleni, together with the archaeologist Annareta Toyloymtzidoy…

Full gold olive wreath, already exposed in the showcases of the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki. Thought that comes from the tomb of Sedes, But from the tomb B in Tsagezi

(FOTO: Full gold olive wreath, already exposed in the showcases of the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki. Thought that comes from the tomb of Sedes, though comes from the tomb of Tsagezi in area b of Amphipolis)

The publication of the excavation was only 1956 with rule of law. Kotzias in commemorative volume 100o Archaeological Journal, but the details of the findings were limited, Since the four tombs one (Tomb (a)) epichwthike during the construction of the airport's water tower being restored. and others ((B), (C), (D)) katachwthikan.

A small part of the findings are from years at displays of the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki, but many remained in boxes,, even without maintenance.. Among them are gold jewelry,, 40 Gold Myrtle leaf from wreath but it is not easy to restore,, Golden threads,, a spear with iron-tipped spear, a bronze mirror, female terracotta busts, but parts of… artidio, a kind of dough with flour, oil and honey, finding unique to Greece.

The Tomb belonged to a woman, brought the golden leaves of Myrtle wreath, gold jewelry and gold fabric yarn. The Tomb b was the most sensational, belonged to guy, He had only three findings, one spear, a clay lamp and a vase.. The Tomb belonged to a woman, c, probably old,, not burned-up and found her teeth- and brought rich finds,, jewelry, Accessories,, but a bronze mirror.

Segments from the gold wreath Myrtle found in the Tomb (a). Found 40 leaves, < span class = "tr_" id = "tr_47" data-token = "zqTOvyDPg8-EzrXPhs6szr3OuSDOtM61zr0gzq3Ph861zrkgzrHOvc6xz4PPhc-Dz4TOsc64zrXOrw,," data-source = "" >  visible traces of combustion with the wreath doesn't have reconstitute). with

(FOTO: Segments from the gold wreath Myrtle found in the Tomb (a). Found 40 leaves, < span class = "tr_" id = "tr_47" data-token = "zqTOvyDPg8-EzrXPhs6szr3OuSDOtM61zr0gzq3Ph861zrkgzrHOvc6xz4PPhc-Dz4TOsc64zrXOrw,," data-source = "" > visible traces of combustion with the wreath doesn't have reconstitute). with)
An interesting element is that in a carton box with items from the grave (a) there was a group of elefantosteinwn tiles and decorative elements which had not been taken all these years archaeologists. After research and study, concluded that these are decorative elements from two kibwtidia, of which the most elaborate, almost a miniature Golden larnakwn of Vergina, they brought probably the lid two female figures between columns, Persephone, saved, and possibly Dimitra.

"This is a cluster of tombs inside tumulus, for members of the same family, they had some economic area», said «nation» Ms. Toyloymtzidoy, while Ms. Veleni spoke of "joy and the thrill of the archaeologist who discovers a great artifacts inside boxes».

  The small Tomb kybwtioschimos (a), the Sedes. Contained gold Stephen parts, < span class = "tr_" id = "tr_67" data-token = "zpcgz4bPic-Ezr_Os8-BzrHPhs6vzrEgzrXOr869zrHOuSDPhM6_z4U," data-source = "" >  jewelry and scrap gold pyre photo is of. Gold 1938.

(FOTO: The small Tomb kybwtioschimos (a), the Sedes. Contained gold Stephen parts, < span class = "tr_" id = "tr_67" data-token = "zpcgz4bPic-Ezr_Os8-BzrHPhs6vzrEgzrXOr869zrHOuSDPhM6_z4U," data-source = "" > jewelry and scrap gold pyre photo is of. Gold 1938.)

The wreath

Until today at the Thessaloniki Archaeological Museum showcases exhibits a full gold olive wreath, that thought comes from the tomb of Sedes. The new study showed that comes from the tomb of Tsagezi in area b of Amphipolis, Serres. Also, not derived from the Sedes and a gold disfigured and mutilated an eartag with Antelope head. Although depicted in the publication of the graves from the n. Kotzias, There is no mention in the article of the, While boxing is included in the list of metallinwn 1941 also referred to as origin the Stibresi Kilkis. "In addition, typologically belong to following mid-3rd b.c.. century times, that is incompatible with the dating of the other findings of the tomb and the content of gold is much lower than the jewelry of the Tomb in Sedes», reported Ms. Veleni.

Clay lamp found in the monumental Tomb b Sedes

(FOTO: Clay lamp found in the monumental Tomb b Sedes)
The tomb was a small, kybwtioschimos and contained two gold parts Stephen.. Other sections of this wreath found with the remains of the pyre over the coverage of the Tomb, together with a bronze mirror, Golden chain Department, 40 Gold Myrtle leaf with visible traces of burning and related deformities. The wreath this has similarities with two similar, one of the Liti, Thessaloniki and one from Potidea CHALKIDIKI, dating back to the early 3rd BC. century.

From the findings of a tomb, archaeologists estimate that the dead burned a wooden bed with bronze lentigines- decorative elements similar to the nail heads- wearing chrysoufanto clothes and gold jewelry that have remained disjointed. Mangled by burning was the Golden yarn-fabric lemallae, as shown by the examination with microscope. The bronze mirror with a bronze bucket throwing them at the stake, While as showed similar mirrors are known from Alexandria, kydonia, Athens, Eretria etc.. The oldest is two mirrors from Athens and Apollonia of Pontus and dated to 360-350 BC.

  Spear with iron-tipped spear from the monumental Tomb b, in which there was burial husband and bronze mirror (mirror) found in the personal belongings of the old buffer of the Tomb (a)

(FOTO: Spear with iron-tipped spear from the monumental Tomb b, in which there was burial husband and bronze mirror (mirror) found in the personal belongings of the old buffer of the Tomb (a))

Eight women's clay busts "entynan" outside the Tomb a. A new guy belonged the Tomb Ii, the most impressive of the four. The monumental Tomb thalamwtos, 2Ch3 measures dimension, with a ridge roof and large thyraion opening, It was sylimenos and found only one spear, a clay lamp and a crock-pelike. The spear with iron-tipped Spear is difficult even to preserve, attributed to hunting and not polemic dishes, suitable for big game hunting. As for the Red pelike, race with tethrippo expression brought, While integer found the Castor abafes clay lamp, exhibited at the Museum.

The rich man, The Griffins and the great battle

Arguably the most rich in discoveries was the grave c, who was caught in July 1938. Apart from the elefantosteina objects that surround both kibwtidia and mentioning in miniature by Golden URNs of Vergina, impressive is the spindle of the dead elefantosteino, a few fragments of which have been found, While from the same material was the scallop of. According to Ms. Veleni, the increased use of ivory in Macedonia noted after the conquests of m. Alexander in Asia.

On the main side of the bed there was combat Arimaspwn show-mythical nation, Scythian origin, trigger-happy, one who had their hair tied with gold- and grypwn, namely, four pairs of Arimaspwn and probably grypwn, with elefantosteina the heads and the shields of styles and the heads and wings of grypwn, While the remaining parts were gold plated mortar. This is the first time that recognized this issue (Arimaspi and griffins) to utilitarian bed cremated with decoration – a similar theme is known only from a single Tomb in Agios Athanasios, Thessaloniki, but the forms are from clay and decorated burial bed usage.

Purple bedding

The dead were probably elderly, He was buried on the bed, with purple bedding, It was covered with fabric that had sewn 40 stoneware discs-gold plated knobs and in each of the four corners of the bed was passed by a gold wreath, Myrtle and Ivy, and gold-plated necklaces from clay beads. The ritual that is known from other wealthy burials in Macedonia, men and women during the early Hellenistic era.

It should be noted that the new interesting items were recently presented by the two archaeologists at the archaeological Congress in a work titled "Sedes 1938: addenda ((additions)) and correcciones ((corrections)) the findings of the tombs (a), (B) and (c)».


Source: ethnos.gr

Amphipolis.gr | Archaeological excavations at Heraclea Sintiki

.. in today's Bulgaria

Repeated from today- 26 September- the archaeological excavations of the great ancient city of Heraclea of Sintiki, According to the Director of the historical Museum in Petric, Sotir ibanof.
The ibanof spoke in Bulgarian ' Fokoys ' Agency for the work of excavations in the area and for the ancient city.
FOCUS: Tell us k. Ibanof for the ancient city and what has been found during excavations made near Petric.
Sotir Ivanov: The city is called Heraclea Sintiki. The name comes from Hercules and region Sintiki, where lived the Thracian tribe of Sintwn. An interesting Thracian tribe mentioned in the early exploratory work of Greeks in the region.
Firstly, this tribe lived on the island of Limnos, around the eighth century before Christ. The Greeks of Homer and then began to write for the Sintoys.
It is clear that the Sintoi under the pressure of Greek colonization along the coast, climbed further north and captured the area which we define as Middle Struma Rupel pass – that separates the South from the North of Kresna and specifies the strimon Valley.
Identified as a part of the pelasgikis tribe. The Pelasgians, According to the ancient Greeks and their authors, He was the oldest population. Pelasgians, THRACIANS and Greeks come then during the latter part of migration.

Of Course, There is also the theory that Sintoi of Lemnos with the Middle Struma Sintoys not had any connection, just be coincidence of names. But referred to in 8the and 7the century BC. and we cannot be absolutely sure, haven't done any research based on inscriptions monuments, historical inscriptions and archaeological monuments of the city itself.
FOCUS: What are the Sintoi and how much interest there is for this city made excavations;
Sotir Ivanov: The Sintoi are interesting because they cut their own currency and depicting Hercules and writes IRAKLIA and underneath SINTIKI, This indicates that there were large business-oriented.
As the town Heracleia Sintiki is referenced by the 4the century BC. until the 6the century a.d. Flourished over 1000 years. In the historical Museum there is inscription of Petric 308 with the Emperor Galerio visited Ercolano Sintiki, referring to the judicial officials of this city. The inscription is in Latin to 24 lines and there referred to the city as Herculaneum Sintica. Before the inscription revealed that many believed that the site belonged to the ancient city of Petra.

FOCUS: From where emerged that was the Stone;

Sotir Ivanov:: The French Consul in Thessaloniki before the great French Revolution of 1789, Maria Sprikozineri, made a trip to the Valley of the Struma. Found in the area, saw the Antiquities and said that town Stone associated with the course of Philip v. Since then the 1789 until the 2002, investigators were told that was the ancient Stone. The 2002 the inscription was discovered by the real name of the ancient city. This is Herculaneum Sintica, Eraclea Sintiki, one of the oldest cities in the region with great historical significance.

FOCUS: When excavations began and what transpired;

Sotir Ivanov: Excavations began in 2007. Revealed an archaeological area 500 until 600 measures, with teichismata which were restored and is an archaeological site open to visitors. The archaeological site is an ancient workshop, roads that are almost horizontal with the East-West , There is a road with direction North-South, which leads to the Hill by landing.

FOCUS: Found something from architecture or the Organization of the city;

Sotir Ivanov: Yes. At the time of Philip II of Macedon began to conquer new territories, the 346 the Sintioi was predominant and it seems from the Ember King Sitalkis who campaigned against Macedonia, through the Valley of the Struma River, Although there was a more comfortable route from the upper Valley of Struma, but he preferred the current Maliskebska and Blachina while hiking through the wild vegetation of the mountains as the street was no obstacle for the Sintoys.

Later when Philip Ii started with the idea of the conquest of the Balkans, the Sintiki Heraclea was on his way. After the 346 e.g.. the Heracleia was conquered by the Macedonians and later on Kassandrou was one of 10 Royal cities.

As a royal town was the city with the criteria of the ancient Greek city, annual judicial power, with the relevant local court. The city had a clean architectural character and according to the ancient writers had a population of 30 until 40 thousands of people. Probably followed his system Ippodameioy Centre (as in Miletus) with landscaped roads that met downtown.

FOCUS: What buildings have anabrethei until today;

Currency of 1th century BC. from the findings in Eraclea Sintiki- illustration of Nemesis
Sotir Ivanov: We found a laboratory for creation of terracotta masks and related items. Were ancient masks for use in theater. Most likely imported from Athens or Corinth, It's exceptional mastery. However, We are confident that in the ancient laboratory discovered produced masks, having found the matrix that built them.
We found IE molds that were placed to create mask, which then were being baked in a kiln South, outside of the conurbation of the city.
This is due to the fact that the ancient cities have very strict rules for the prevention of fires of the ovens, the who were usually near river. Visor is found distressing and masks that are hilarious.
This workshop in Eraclea the Sintiki, requires City Theatre. Also, actresses who were male and had to play the female character in theatrical work, then I had to put a visor. After all how could represent the God Dionysus;
The workshop was from proswpidwn 2the century to the 4the century then made foreign invasions which eventually brought the fall of the Roman Empire.
Known hackers are the Goths that are associated with the emperors and the military crisis in the Roman Empire. The attack of Goths was in 248 a.d. and the second the 268 a.d. The Goths were defeated by the Roman army however caused serious disasters in all regions.
At 26 September 2012 the excavations have continued with a larger group of Dr. Ludmil Vagalinski, National Archaeological Institute, Professor Ivo Cholakov and other colleagues. This year is divided into two excavation seasons. The first was in July that the job was done with American archaeological team and now the second, in September, that will keep until October the occupations will be the preservation and storage of artifacts and the publication of archaeological work in the scientific world, that is an important aspect for the visitors of the region.

Transportation in Greek:
© mikres-ekdoseis- Yorgos Echedwros
http://www. mikres-ekdoseis.gr


Amphipolis.gr | The "blonde" mummy of the age-old campaign Loylan proof of Dionysus in China;


Fact that the ancient Dionysus campaign in China was perhaps is the famous mummy of Loylan, After going to a Kaykasia woman who comes from an era in which simply should not be located in present-day China, at least the inaccuracies that we teach in schools.

Dinysoy's campaign in China and India, refers to the ' Dionysian ' of Nonnoy, and mallista there is in China the Yunnan province which means "Ionia", where vines are grown and produced wine! It is noted that Dionysus was the God of wine.

The Loylan died before 3.800 years during a commercial voyage, the legendary "Silk Road", but it was known once 1980. Silk Road called the path followed by merchants and importers of goods between Europe and China.

The dryness of the climate and saline lands retained Loylan and the other mummies in excellent condition. The mummy was named "the sleeping beauty", because vivid's facial features were retained even after death. Unfortunately the area found the Tarim mummies are politically unstable and so their discovery was considered as a cause of destabilisation and inciting riots.

The natives are called Uighurs, more similar to Europeans than to Asians and claim to be descendants of Loylan. Even say that the mummy is a strong proof that they lived in the area before the Chinese.

Beauty came from the ... Siberia

This discovery seems to exacerbate the controversy and the Chinese authorities forbade access to the archaeological area, because mummies enischyan allegations of Uighurs seeking political autonomy. Professor, University of Pennsylvania, Victor Mair, was instrumental in the study of artifacts when along with geneticist, Paolo Francalacci, managed to get genetic material 1993 and to examine the DNA from the hairs of the head.

The findings revealed that the mummies were indeed of European descent. In Particular, were ancient Celtic origin, but probably had gone from Siberia and not related to the Oyϊgoyroys! The Chinese Government has allowed research only 2007 and two years later the findings verified the relationship with Siberia, and also that there was trade between peoples of Mesopotamia, Indus River Valley and Europe.

The fabrics brought Europeans in the East

The research concluded that the Loylan and the other mummies found at the heart of a modern nationalist controversy, at the expense of the historical truth that noted that Europeans arrived in China at least 1000 years earlier than write history books. Until today we taught that the ancient peoples moved and lived in isolation, while now shows the exact opposite.

The Loylan and the other mummies found buried together have Caucasian ancestry and gems in the graves indicate that it probably was a textile and leather merchants. Buried with many clothes, While a man was found with ten different hats. The colonies near the road of silk was meeting points of dealers who exchanged products from the West and the East. Pliny the elder, Roman writer, Describes merchants as tall, blonde with blue eyes.

The beautiful breed with tattoos

The Loylan died around 40, rather than suffering from lung problems that caused the toxic mixture of sand and inhale smoke from the fires in the camps. Buried shrouded with nice woven on the loom. At the time she died historians told us that there were no Europeans in Asia. But the Loylan are definitely Caucasian. The characteristics of leave no margin of doubt .

The blond hair is neatly braided into Plait and she was tall and stately with nice cheekbones and fine nose. But what was the Loylan and why he died so far from home; What it looking for this and the other in the inhospitable desert of China ;

All of these mummies found in Tarim area, belonged to the European race Tsertsen. It was a rather peaceful breed judging from the few weapons found in similar memorials. Most had tattoos like these were the Scythians and Thracians, with a technique that resembles the modern methods. The result was a wide range of colors and intense score. A woman had tattooed the Crescent on the face indicating that she wanted to display it, or maybe to work like a kind of identity. He also had several tattoos on the hands for reasons symbolic or decorative.

A man, around 1.80, He had a tattoo of a Sun on the temples, fleshy lips, long nose , Auburn hair and reddish beard. It was wrapped in a red tunic and leggings were of striped fabric like Scottish fabrics. So maybe in tattoos hide their secrets. A more detailed investigation for the method that made, other and designs they chose, to reveal an intercultural relationship between the peoples of Europe and Asia. When a man at that time chose to do tattoo was a big decision.

The tattoos were associated with the magic, the power and prestige. The region's Tarim mummies have caused turmoil in the Western scientific world after is proof that 4000 years ago, people travelled, traded and exchanged ideas and products, which perhaps explains why some forms of art and myths are common in seemingly different cultures and civilizations.

Read more: http://elnewsgr.blogspot.com/2014/05/blog-post_2124.html#ixzz31btgt1xM

Amphipolis.gr | The shooting star SIRIUS and Macedonians

Returns to illuminate Greece again;

Sirius. The Super-bright Star, the shooting star who ruled the spirit of ancient Macedonians, xanastrefei the person in Greece, now that we are entering in Aquarius. Egyptians, Babylonians, Assyrioi,…. Sumerians, Etruscans and Romans have in their Pantheon one post for the star that, more than t’ other, shining in the sky bradyna.

Mystical cults and symbolism that hide lost secrets in the night time. Can we anasynthesoyme the marquetry of a large knowledge that was lost or perhaps still remains between us in places we don't imagine; A code waiting to be deciphered…

The heavenly body of Sirius

Astronomically we define the Sirius as the brightest star of Big Dog aplani. Belongs to the type of white stars and is just…8,4 light years from Earth. Is double star and together with the chaperone, the Sirius b ', rotate around a common center of gravity. The average mutual distance is the range of 3 billion km. and their orbital period lasts 50 years. SIRIUS has a mass 2,3 times larger than the Sun, but smaller density. 0(a) argue that resembles a Nebula.

The periodic variation in the brightness of each 25 years accompanied by powerful tidal waves, because of his neighbourhood with the chaperone. In accordance with the opinion of many astronomers, SIRIUS is located in "downtown" almost of our Galaxy. Etymologically, the word "Sirius, -(a), -being "meant the kaiwn, the· kaiwn, the vitriolic, warm and it was an adjective of celestial bodies, which emit a lot of heat. «Sirius» was called multiple times and the Sun, which created along the way a lot of confusion surrounding the separation of the two stars. (For’ This and others talk about ' Macedonian Star» and others for the "Macedonian Sun", referring to the well-known Macedonian symbol). Are the words "Omorrizes seiriokaytos", that meant he made from solar heat or from the Sirius and the "Siren", mythical creature that anaparistanontan allrte that as a woman-fish and sometimes as a woman-bird and originally meant "the fanerwnoysa of the dynamin by heatwave sunset at mesimbrian».

According to legend, "Siren" was the sister of Alexander the great (siren and depict the Dogon as Mermaid is the same for the delayed). Hung around on the seas and wrecked ships who dared to say that the King died (Live King Alexander;) Looks really funny, but also surprising how a myth – either as a parable or as a creation of the collective unconscious – to skillfully transform and protect one momentous truth…

In Egyptian and in Greece

In ancient Egypt, in accordance with the opinions of scholars, SIRIUS corresponded with the goddess Isis, that anaparistanontan as a cow lying on’ a ship, and (f)’ the statues are often depicted with cow's horns and the hairdo like a fish tail. Many times brought as Crown an eight-pointed star. Brother and husband of Isis was Osiris, the worship seemed too with that of Dionysus. With that the Isis gave birth to Horus. According to other sources, however, he gonimopoiise the Isis was the Ammon or Amun-Min-Ra, the same God who later called Amun-Zeus and that, According to the Olympiad, He was the father of Alexander.

SIRIUS(Canis in Latin). Tsakalioy or Wolf form and had the God Anu soymeriakos, It seems that he was also associated with the star it.

For Greek mythology, SIRIUS is the star that, the constellation of the great Dog, in which he had transformed his dog Orion. This of course is not random, as constellations of the dog, of Orion and Slow are th IUU in another.
The Orion was the son of Poseidon and Eyryalis, daughter of Minos and famed Hunter. Usually wore a lion's pelt and clutching the hands of bat (These symbols and of Hercules). There are many stories around the face and the faithful dog Sirius's.

Orion is associated with King Oenopion (or Oeneus in Boeotia), that had been the wife of (or daughter) the Merope, which raped the Limits under the influence of intoxication. The Winopiwn, outraged, the blinded, with the partnership of the father of Dionysus. But the Orion, with the help of an Oracle managed to rediscover his light. Specific, the Oracle saying that they will, If you move towards the East and expose the eye cavities of licenses at morning sunbeams. So aided by the noises made by the blacksmiths of Hephaestus, arrived in Limnos, where the Kidaliwn (the teacher of Hephaestus), the koybalise on his shoulders and brought him in front of the Sun.

-Some believe that this myth has some connection with Sun-Sirius, that is done once a year, but with the mysteries of the Cabeiri. We know that the marriage of Philip and Olympias was the result of their meeting in Samothrace, where were running the Cabeiri mysteries "or", otherwise, the "mysteries of the great gods". Philip was initiated early in these mysteries (rather in Thiva), While Alexander's mother was a priestess.

Cabeiri also regarded as deities of fire – the word "Kabeiros" has etymological connection with the verb "burn; – though their symbols, e.g.. agistri, having to do with water and encounter later in almost all religions. According to one view (Herodotus, Strabo, Pindar) they are descendants of Vulcan from his marriage with Kabeirw, for’ This and always found near volcanic areas, While often represent the boundary or ypochthonies deities. The heart of worship was kabeirikis in ancient Macedonia, in Mount Athos.

As though called the Cabeiri at various locations, considered ancestors of the human race. Indeed, mentioned that one of the persons of the mysteries of Samothrace was called "Adamas" and considered man-archetype, the first male in order of creation. According to tradition, Artemis killed Orion out of jealousy for the hunting of art and Zeus made him next in the constellation Pleiades, While in another version died from the deadly sting of a Scorpion, view grounded apparently f’ astrological data, as it had been observed that the constellation of Orion and the Big Dog disappear from the horizon where rises the Scorpion. But the wriwn and Sirius were hunting wild animals and to the Kingdom of Hades (as described in the Odyssey), Although she must be a foreign delivery, Maybe Egyptian influence that was associated with the mysteries and the cult of the dead.
The Ntogkon, the Ark and the fifty "Nommos"

(Two-way e in their head – the encoding of the Seirioy)
In Africa and in particular in Mali, There is a people, that is literally amaze the modern astronomers with his knowledge on the subject of Sirius. They seem to know everything about the nature and the properties of the star, He and his escorts, I think it is two, not just one, something that the astronomy just now investigates and discovers. The Dogon, s who claim that related to the star who literally worship. The largest is the God Amma, a kind of residual Jupiter- Jupiter passed to them by the Oracle of Sivas and, According to their tradition, He created the universe and biota, but the same people, they originally eftiaxe as amphibious beings, with the name "Nommos".(The faith she resembles that of Sumerian and Babylonian).
«ater KUBILE», i.e. the Cybele of Cretans. The Isis seems to have a direct relationship with the Cretan goddess with snakes, but it is at times and with many other Greek deities such as Artemis, Dimitra, Venus, the Hecate etc. In Samothrace believed the Cabeiri were the only ones who were saved from the terrible cataclysm struck the island when aoy, According to tradition, the Black Sea overflowed and broke the dam that formed the Symplegades and the rocks of the Hellespont.
The most famous and familiar traditions that arrived to our days around the theme of Noah's Ark is such, but Deucalion and Pyrras. The latter stopped in Dodóni, where there was and periwnymo Oracle, that too often consult the Olympiad and which even prophesied the coming of Alexander. Iasonas took wood from there and made the helm of Slow to launch from Boeotia the Argonautic expedition along with the 50 relatives of (as the first "Nommos" Dogon) in the direction of the flag of Kolchidos.
The most ancient saga of the East, in Assyrian mythology, We meet the hero Gilgamesh, who begins an aerial trip with a boat taking with him 50 companions. But there are other similarities between Jason and Gilgamesh. One of these is the planting by Jason Dragon's teeth in the soil, Re’ They trotted 50 Warriors. Something similar done and the Gilgames to gain strength. But the coincidences do not stop here. Danaos, the King of Slow the primogenitor of the Greeks had 50 daughters, that their nymfeythikan 50 sons of their father's brother, Egypt. With all the Danaides had erwtotropisei and Hercules, the mythical progenitor of dorians and founder, When the legend, Macedonian dynasty. Many traditions indeed flying Hercules as head of argonautic expedition even not the Jason… (Hercules, Anyway went from Crete to Libya).
The constellation of Orion is next to Slow and the big dog. If SIRIUS symbolizes the great mother and the matrix or the Ark, where larvae are kept, then it surely Orion is the moment of nomination and of the hero's andrwmatos and Argo ' the journey ', that is the mission, the hero must perform for the spread of his tribe and its features. If you look at the "Demi" Alexander under this light, then I understand that he knew very well the role that ought to embody, the name of the values of those who were the only institution and guarantor, due to the direct connection with the divine. Note that the constellation of Orion is next to Slow and the big dog. The sacred importance of the number 50 has been attributed by many scholars in Egyptian mysticism and if you remember that the orbital period of Sirius lasts 50 years, then maybe the emphasis given to this number is not at all random.

Macedonians, Sons Of The Gods

Herodotus (Cleo, ch. 56) speaks of the «nation» Makednon, arguing that dorians and were named so by the time that resided in Greece, in Pindos. As we all know, the dorians considered their progenitor Hercules, something that he himself believed Alexander, who is often portrayed as one of the Dioskouroi alongside another Hero, bearing the features of Hercules or Achilles (stepchild from his mother's side). According to legend the name "Macedonia" is due to the Macedonian, NIO of Zeus and Thyias, Deucalion's daughter. Diodorus Siculus, though, He writes that the Macedonian was the son of Osiris and brother of ' Annoybi, thus leaving some suspicion about the divine origin of this nation.

Under Orestida, When the 700 e.g.. officially starts, the history of Macedon. Even in this region is said to have started and the history of the Macedonian dynasty, named as then "Argaiades" or "Timenides". First name brings to mind the ' Argaio the '» (652 – 621 e.g.), the second King of the Macedonian dynasty (first was the Perdiccas, a descendant and that of Hercules). The second belongs to someone Heraclid "Timeno», they captured the Slow. This not-so-random coincidence of names indicates perhaps the relationship of the Macedonians with the Peloponnesian Argos. If we associate with the myths of Viruses and danao and with the version of Diodorus for Macedon and if we consider the history of Alexander, is easy to assume that there is some mystical touch of Macedonia with the happenings of Egypt. (Note that in Thessaloniki and elsewhere have found many elements of Egyptian worship, like Serapeia etc.. Various inscriptions found in Delos testify that the Egyptian religion prevailed mainly in northern Greece. At the same time there are Egyptian sanctuaries in Tithorea next to Delphi. Delos, in sanctuaries of Isis, tributes to found the Egyptians gods, which had offered Macedonians. The goddess Isis in Philippi had a leading role. They even have found recorded and the names of the priests of).

According to another version yet, Macedonians have nothing to do with the Slow of the Peloponnese, but with the Slow Orestiko of Western Macedonia. The presence of primitive peoples in Macedonia confirmed by the latest excavations. In fact, history of the Macedonians is unknown. Many scholars argue that gender is native, Maybe "Pelasgian". But of particular interest presents the history of Thessaloniki. By cassander (315 e.g.), the place where today there is a city called «Thermes», Hence the name "Thermaikos Gulf». In Thessaloniki, well, was accepted with great enthusiasm the worship of a demon named «Thermaios». The paradox is that the area has never been hot springs. However the demon he was identified later by the Thracian Dionysus…

The secret history of the birth of Alexander

Many traditions, as well as a series of oracles entwined with both birth, and the life of Alexander. His mother Olympias was said to have snake enchantress. The night before her marriage to Philip, the Olympiad dreamed that entered the body of a lightning bolt that filled fire. Ο Φίλιππος, from the other, after their wedding he saw in a dream that sealed the body of his wife with a seal that had the image of a lion.

Plutarch mentions that the Olympiad he gets in bed of serpents and, Indeed, that Philip had seen one night goes to bed with a snake, that might be one God transformed.

KaerstBerveHamiltonBelochHammond, etc.) date of birth of Alexander the 6th day of the month Aoos, that corresponds to the beginning of July, i.e. the period that started the flooding of the Nile and the ancients called "dog days". Alexander's relationship with the Amun-Zeus was also confirmed by the priests of the Oracle, When he arrived at the oasis of Siwa. There the child of Zeus proclaimed "and left indirectly hinted that he is the son of Philip. The Oracle was consulted and Hercules, He is considered the ancestor of the Macedonians. The Olympiad also believed that her son was destined to save Egypt from the barbarian Persian conqueror. Alexander adopted as key symbols of the horns and the Thunderbolt of Zeus-Ammon and the Crown of Isis with the three oktaktina stars, and even in honor of built Temple in Alexandria, in the city that brought t’ name of.

The star of Vergina

The 1977 Manolis Andronikos unearthed Royal Tombs of Vergina. Among the other treasures found and a golden Larnax the bones of Philip and which brought as decoration the 16ktino star and three plates with 8ktina stars. Was well clear, how the stars they were the emblem of the Macedonian dynasty. So began and the whole literature around the importance and meaning of the symbol.

In principle, It must be said that there are many kinds of stars with different numbers of rays, but most commonly encounter stars with 8,16 and 32 rays. This was the emblem 2500 e.g., Babylonia and later in Chalkidwna. The 18″ century. in Assyria and Syria during the 1700 -1300 e.g.. in the Phoenician, Chittiko and Minoan civilization. Mid-6th BC. century. It is now known in Greece, While a little before 5 ° c.. begins to circulate and in currencies. A century after spread in Italy, Alexander the great arrived later with the Romans on the Iberian Peninsula.

Depending on the perspective of each researcher, the star symbolized when the Sun and when the Sirius. The fact remains that all forms that occasionally escorted were deities directly or indirectly associated with the worship of Sirius, όπως: the Isis, the Istar, Dionysus, the Nappy, the ocean, cabeiri, Cybele, the Castor and Pollux (which for some are identical with the Kabeiroys), Artemis, the triple Hecate, Hephaestus, Juno, Hercules and Sirius, Lucifer and Hesperus (deities associated with the worship of Kaveiroi, of ISIS and Mithras), Jupiter with duplex (Heavenly or dionysiakos), the double-headed Ammon-Zeus, the Minotaur, etc.. In currencies of Aegean Islands we find the star next to Jupiter and’ a dog that turns out rays. Babylonia there are too many seals and gems that have carved them up a star 8aktino. In these illustrations, the star is located near’ a man-fish. This is the amphibious God Oannes. In Egypt again we often see three 8aktina stars in the hair of ISIS. Indeed, the Crown has, at the top of the , a larger and sideways two smaller stars, that may symbolize the escorts of Sirius.

SIRIUS was trying to expand his power and at the same time uniting the Greeks (Athinaioi, Laconia, Macedonians) under one authority. This emergence and the homogenization of all elements of each separate City-State was, something was happening only in Greece and never happened in Egypt, But even in the Latin world. SIRIUS and the cult of the great mother» in Greece were enriched, parallachtikan and formatted based on Greek philosophy and reality. An entire complex mysticism there is around the Star Makedoniko, that has too many ramifications, always around the Sirius satellite, the constellation that still keeps kept the secrets of the night sky…


THE C. KOYMPOYNI is author, graduate of the Department of philosophy, University of Athens, with post-graduate studies in Italy.
O E. SYMEONAKIS is a researcher-translator
and the x. KOYMPOYNI philologist.

erevna-enimerwsi.blogspot.com, (TX scans 22. January-February ' 98)


Amphipolis. gr | Money finally to Amphipolis;



What I understood from the statements of the Minister of culture, Lord Xydakis, that ... "money finally to Amphipolis», is that Amphipolis is linked from the "for first time ' left-wing Government with the sinful past of Government mnimoniakis Samara-Venizelou.

The Prime Minister strongly peirachtike by the fact that the Hill Kasta, where they became the archaeological excavations in Amphipolis, having visited the then Prime Minister Antonis Samaras. The ironic fact of style ... "The digger (means without the mentioned Ms. Peristeri) is obliged in accordance with the Agency's Protocol and archaeological law to make an announcement within the next nine months period "implies and a threat that complements it... "To learn all the scientific community and the Greek public opinion more commonly what is found in Amphipolis». Minister, all the planet since last August was learning everything about Amphipolis and clutching undiminished interest in excavations, Now you're saying ... "to learn what has been found in Amphipolis».

The visiting room, be aware and then made again ironic statements – admittedly with tact- "we did not find Larnaca with Golden mask». Minister, at such a critical period, that is from everywhere the Makedonia, does the new line is not to irritate some neighbors with the archaeological findings of Macedonia;

Than,What seems have opened several fronts in the space of culture and well do, After all – as you say – were rotten and worn. At the site of archaeological excavations, from the Prespes until Maronia, It should show more sensitivity, as for and for others – very properly – topics, When diakonoysate journalism from your serious column.

Indeed it's meagre finances of your Ministry. Undoubtedly the liquidity problem has affected our culture, but the millions of foreign tourists come to our Antiquities. The results you see at the Archaeological Museum of Athens.

The small moyseiaki of Amphipolis has ekatontaplasiasei visitors. Don't apaxiwnete this great dig, associated somehow with the Vergina.

Your Ministry needs the excavations in the northern area not to confuse with the politics, past and present. The phrase in your latest statements for Amphipolis... "there is nothing more to see», Maybe it was a tombstone for the historic site of Amphipolis;

Thousands of years ago, the events of the Peloponnesian War had arrived and until Amphipolis. To consider then – now – say between southern and Northern. The world believes that the State is indifferent and the topics of culture of Macedonia!


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